Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is related to a greater prevalence of premature births. In addition, the fetus can acquire the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test in Elba, Alabama. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the high number of infected women without symptoms and the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn
Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose therapy for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, however, due to the high price of this drug. The most typical alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow up testing to verify success of the treatment is important.
Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a lab test to attest that the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time consuming approach of identifying the bacteria and is routinely used. For routine diagnostic purposes, rapid evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs might be got in the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests may be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.
Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to display a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Hence in this large multi-nation study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Data were identical for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples in 5 nations from different elements of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.
Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than males Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a gain in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is liable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes ectopic pregnancy, infertility and pelvic pain. It's also a co factor in HPV-induced cervical cancer and, in both genders, HIV transmission. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, along with prostatitis and urethral blockage.
Std test closest to Elba AL. Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more likely to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but old age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, along with elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more prone to get an STI in the event you have sex with greater than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but old age is not a protection. Std test in AL United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, along with older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.
The great news is that chlamydia is easily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease don't understand they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.
Std test near Elba AL United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection due to the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most folks who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take several weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a standard cause of blindness in the developing world 4
Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with poor sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in individuals. 5 Analysis is often by screening that is recommended yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be achieved on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose illnesses in those areas. Std Test nearest Elba AL. 3
Prevention is by not having the use of condoms, sex, or having sex with only one other individual, who's not infected. 2 Chlamydia could be treated by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline used. Azithromycin or erythromycin is urged in babies and during pregnancy Sexual partners must even be treated and the individuals that were infected advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV should be examined for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment folks should be tested again after three months. 3
Chlamydial disease of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection could be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of those who have an asymptomatic infection which is not discovered by their physician, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , and/or ovaries PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.
In men, those with a chlamydial disease reveal symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that could occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases can result in sterility if not treated. Although the exact relevance in prostatitis is tough to assess because of possible contamination from urethritis, 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Elba std test. 15
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main cause of blindness worldwide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection may be spread from eye to eye by fingers, materials or shared towels, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20
The diagnosis of genital chlamydial infections evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), including polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to have a sensitivity of about 90% and also a specificity of around 99%, no matter sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI practice along with a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab was estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27
Due to improved test correctness, ease of screening sexually active men and women, and ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen direction, heritage has been mostly replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia identification, and the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully discovering only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive effects. Heritage remains useful in selected circumstances and is now the sole assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other strategy additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28
For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, new or multiple sexual partners, and condom use that is inconsistent. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Elba AL, United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF acknowledges that in some communities there may be a few other risk factors for infection, for example ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, termination and intervals are presently not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently insufficient to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They advocate routine screening of men that are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV infection. 13
"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women during the last several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic infections in men is a useful add-on to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nevertheless, this was a select group, and you also should be cautious about interpreting information from one group to another for a number of reasons."
SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Elba United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs, which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test closest to Elba, Alabama. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.
When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they generally present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain a painful or burning sensation or an unusual vaginal discharge during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex in the event the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, and/or unusual discharge from the penis. For both women and men, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.
Chlamydia may be treated and cured with antibiotics. As a way to permit the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work, individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days. Similarly, your partner should as be medicated to avoid you becoming re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when a person's sexual partners haven't been properly treated. Our physicians recommend that your partner as well as you get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.
A chlamydia infection can have major health consequences if left untreated. Std Test near Elba. Untreated illnesses in women can lead to chronic pelvic pain and prenatal issues. Continued chlamydia diseases may result in serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Furthermore, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for contracting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different elements of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause pain and inflammation. If not properly treated, chlamydia can also lead to male sterility.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae disease has been experienced by about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection after in life appears common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In some instances the disease can result in a respiratory illness, sometimes with characteristic clinical manifestations and symptoms.
Cough symptoms, occasionally over a protracted period, may indicate a case of bronchitis or pneumonia because of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most often established ailments associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test near Elba. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by fever symptoms. The symptoms may have a subacute onset, meaning that they begin fairly rapidly, but not suddenly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the fever symptoms may have already resolved. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually light, and folks have a tendency to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections, before seeing a physician after the onset of symptoms.
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