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Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is related to a greater prevalence of premature births. Additionally, the fetus can get the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test near Elk, California. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the large number of infected women without the serious consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn as well as symptoms

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, nevertheless, due to the high cost of this medication. The most typical alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are many other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow-up testing to verify success of the treatment is essential.

Analysis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to show the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time consuming process of identifying the bacteria and is routinely used. For routine diagnostic functions, accelerated tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. All these are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be got in the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests could be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to display a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. So in this large multi-state study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Data were indistinguishable for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples from various portions of the world in 5 countries. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a rise in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is accountable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It's also a cofactor in HPV-induced HIV transmission cervical cancer and, in both genders. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, in addition to prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test nearby Elk CA. Men and women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more likely to get an STI in the event that you have sex with more than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to illness , but old age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, as well as elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men and women can get the disease, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more prone to get an STI if you have sex with more than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but mature age isn't a protection. Std Test nearby CA United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, as well as elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The great news is the fact that chlamydia is easily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease don't understand they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std Test nearby Elk, CA, United States. Chlamydia infection, often simply referred to as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people that are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take several weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Repeated diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a common source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and may be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in regions with bad sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in humans. 5 Diagnosis is often by screening that is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing may be done on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose diseases in those regions. Std test near Elk, CA. 3

Prevention is by having sex with just one other person, who's not infected, or not having sex, the use of condoms. 2 Chlamydia may be treated by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. Erythromycin or azithromycin is advocated in babies and during pregnancy Sexual partners must even be treated and the individuals that were contaminated counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be tested for in those who've been infected. Following treatment individuals ought to be tested again after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection may be passed through anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Of those that have an asymptomatic infection that's not detected by their doctor, approximately half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs , which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, those with a chlamydial disease reveal symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that could occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases may result in sterility or maybe even treated. Even though the exact relevance in prostatitis is difficult to assess due to potential pollution from urethritis, 11 Chlamydia is also a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Elk Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main cause of blindness world-wide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or fabrics, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for in-growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The diagnosis of genital chlamydial diseases evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), for example polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to truly have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and also a specificity of approximately 99%, irrespective of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic and a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

Due to improved test correctness, ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen direction, and ease of screening sexually active men and women, the NAATs have mainly replaced culture, the historical gold standard for chlamydia analysis, as well as the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully detecting just 60-80% of infections in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive effects. Culture stays useful in selected circumstances and is now the only assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other method additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of inconsistent condom use, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Elk, CA United States std test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there might be other risk factors for infection, like ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, termination and intervals are currently not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is now inadequate to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is valuable. 13 They recommend regular screening of men that are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV infection. 13

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"What is nice about this study is that since we've focused on asymptomatic infections in women over the last several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic infections in men is a helpful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nevertheless, this was a select group, and also you must always be careful about interpreting information from one group to another for various reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Elk, United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and aren't treated by a doctor will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs, which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std Test nearest Elk, California. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they commonly present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain a burning or painful sensation or an unusual vaginal discharge during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, and/or unusual discharge from the penis. For both men and women, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. As a way to permit the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work, people infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days. Likewise, your partner should as be medicated to prevent you becoming re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when someone 's sexual partners haven't been correctly handled. Our physicians recommend that your partner and you get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have important health consequences if left untreated. Std test nearby Elk. Untreated infections in women can lead to prenatal issues and chronic pelvic pain. Continued chlamydia diseases may lead to serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Additionally, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher danger of getting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other portions of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia may also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been experienced by approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection after in life appears common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In some cases the infection can cause a respiratory illness, sometimes with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, sometimes over a prolonged period, may indicate a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses constitute the most frequently established disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test near Elk. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Temperature symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a sub acute onset, meaning they start pretty quickly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a physician, the temperature symptoms may have already solved. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are often light, and people are inclined to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a doctor after the onset of symptoms.

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