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Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is connected with a greater incidence of premature births. Additionally, the fetus can acquire the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test near Piercy California. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the many infected women without symptoms and the serious consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternative treatments can also be used, nevertheless, because of the steep cost of the drug. The most typical alternative treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow-up testing to verify success of the treatment is very important.

Identification of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory evaluation to illustrate the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time consuming procedure of identifying the bacteria and is no longer regularly used. For routine diagnostic purposes, rapid evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs might be got at the time of gynecologic assessment by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs.

Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Thus in this big multi-country study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Data were identical for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples from different elements of the planet in 5 nations. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most cases are in the adolescent to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a rise in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is liable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic pain. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, as well as prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std Test nearby Piercy, CA. Men and women can get the disease, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more likely to get an STI in the event you have sex with more than one individual Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but mature age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, together with older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more inclined to get an STI if you have sex with more than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to infection , but older age is not a protection. Std Test nearest CA, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, as well as older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The great news is that chlamydia is easily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disease do not know they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants beyond the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std Test nearest Piercy CA, United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply referred to as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection brought on by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take several weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Repeated diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a common source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia may be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and could be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in regions with bad sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just occurs in individuals. 5 Analysis is frequently by screening that is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be achieved on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs are required to diagnose illnesses in those regions. Std test in Piercy CA. 3

Prevention is by having sex with just one other individual, who's not infected, or not having sex, the use of condoms. 2 Chlamydia can be treated by antibiotics with commonly either azithromycin or doxycycline used. During pregnancy Sexual partners must also be treated and erythromycin or azithromycin is advocated in babies and the people that were contaminated counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be examined for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment folks ought to be tested again after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease could be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of people that have an asymptomatic infection that is not discovered by their physician, approximately half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In guys, those with a chlamydial disease demonstrate symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases may cause sterility if not treated. Although the precise relevance in prostatitis is tough to assess due to possible contamination from urethritis 11 Chlamydia is also a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Piercy Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main cause of blindness world-wide, but its role decreased from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection can be spread from eye to eye by fingers, cloths or shared towels, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Utilizing the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental progress), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The identification of genital chlamydial diseases evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), like polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), as well as the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia might be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and a specificity of approximately 99%, no matter sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI practice and a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab has been estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

As a result of improved test correctness, ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen management, and ease of screening sexually active men and women, the NAATs have mainly replaced culture, the historic gold standard for chlamydia investigation, as well as the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully discovering only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving consequences that are falsely positive. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is currently the sole assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other procedure additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women who are not pregnant, screening is advised in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, new or multiple sexual partners, and condom use that is inconsistent. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or other risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Piercy, CA United States Std Test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF acknowledges that in some communities there might be other risk factors for infection, like ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, termination and intervals are now not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is valuable. 13 They advocate routine screening of men who are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV disease. 13

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"What's nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic diseases in women over the past several years, taking a look at the role of asymptomatic diseases in men is a useful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nonetheless, this was a select group, and you also must always be cautious about interpreting data from one group to another for a variety of reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Piercy United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Nearly half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test nearest Piercy, California. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they usually present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include a burning or painful sensation or an unusual vaginal discharge during urination. If the disease spreads, women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both men and women, symptoms of rectal disease may include rectal pain or bleeding.

Chlamydia may be treated and cured with antibiotics. People infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days as a way to permit the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others. Likewise, your partner should be medicated to avoid you becoming re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when someone 's sexual partners have not been correctly treated. Our doctors recommend that you and your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the wellbeing of both parties and helps mitigate any potential longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have major health consequences, if left untreated. Std test in Piercy. Untreated infections in women can result in prenatal problems and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydia diseases that are repeated may result in serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. In addition, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher danger of getting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not correctly treated, chlamydia can also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. About 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, and reinfection after in life seems common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In some instances the disease can lead to a respiratory illness, sometimes with symptoms and characteristic clinical indications.

Cough symptoms, occasionally over a protracted period, may indicate a case of bronchitis or pneumonia because of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most often accepted diseases associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test nearest Piercy. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by fever symptoms. The symptoms might have a sub acute onset, meaning that they start pretty rapidly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the temperature symptoms may have already worked out. The sicknesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually mild, and people tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections, before seeing a physician following the beginning of symptoms.

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