Right now, there is no cure for AIDS or HIV infection. It is a chronic illness as well as the virus stays in your body for your lifetime. The virus has been treated with a combination of different drugs which, when taken collectively at the same time each day without missing doses, function to keep the virus quiet so the immune system can remain strong. Following your doctor's treatment plan is vitally significant. Your doctor could also tell you to eat healthful foods, exercise, and lower any tension in your lifetime. Std test near me Redwood City United States. All these factors work together to keep you healthy and feeling good.
Get tested. Std Test in Redwood City, CA United States! You can be sure that both you and your partner get tested for HIV before you have sex. Std Test near Redwood City. Many health care providers' offices, hospitals, and clinics offer HIV testing at a low cost or for free. If your test is positive, you might feel frightened - speaking with your physician or HIV tester as soon as possible to learn about treatment is a good spot to start. Early treatment prevents some of the damage to the immune system and enhances someone 's well-being that untreated HIV can cause. In addition, there are safe environments like support groups to locate help working through your feelings and getting answers to your questions.
HIV is transmitted between people via bodily fluids, and primarily through sexual contact. The virus can transmit when contaminated bodily fluids (blood, semen, seminal fluid, rectal fluids and vaginal fluids) from one person make contact with broken tissue or the mucus membrane on someone else. HIV-infected pregnant women can pass on the virus to their infant during childbirth, or through breast milk. HIV is not spread by air/water, tear/spit/perspiration, handshaking or cohabitation with an infected individual. Activities that boost the probability of contracting HIV and permit contact with another person's bodily fluids comprise:
HIV is normally diagnosed by testing for HIV antibodies in blood or saliva. Redwood City CA Std Test. It may take 3-6 months for HIV antibodies to accumulate to detectable numbers, which is why it's important to utilize protection during sex. Following a positive diagnosis, evaluations for CD4 T cell count, viral load and drug resistance are performed to determine the ideal treatment regimen. Added tests might be asked to address complications or secondary infections, for example kidney damage, hepatitis, other STIs and tuberculosis.
There's no cure for HIV, so keep the immune system functioning the aims of therapy are to prevent viral replication, and minimize adverse reactions. The time and method of treatment is decided based on the individual 's test results (CD4 count, viral load and drug resistance) and other existing states. It is normally recommended to start treatment as early as possible so as to maintain a low viral count and prevent progression to AIDS. An average treatment consists of a drug cocktail with at least three pills (signifying different categories of antiviral drugs) taken daily, for life. With antiretroviral treatment, viral amounts drop to undetectable levels, but the body still takes and can transmit the virus.
Through the world, HIV is most often spread through sex. 1 Women may be at greater risk of being infected with HIV during sexual contact than guys are. It is because the fragile tissues of the vagina can tear marginally during sex and let the virus enter the body. (This is especially likely among girls under age 18.) The vagina also has a sizable surface area which can be exposed to the virus, hence increasing risk of infection. Likewise, anal tissues are also fragile and prone to splitting marginally during sex. Women are at higher risk of infection via anal sex than by vaginal sex with an infected man. Most women around the world and in America who have HIV were infected through sex with a man.
Women who have HIV can pass the disease to their children during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. Because of this, pregnant women who are HIV-contaminated need to take additional steps to safeguard their children from infection. These steps include taking anti-HIV drugs and formula-feeding their children. Std test near me Redwood City, CA United States. Using contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy is just another approach to prevent transmission of the virus, also it's very effective and economical Read more about preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Therapy is commenced and individualized under the oversight of a doctor who's a specialist in the care of HIV-infected patients. Boost the immune system and a mix of at least three ARTWORK drugs is needed to curb the virus from replicating. How these drugs are combined depends upon the most current treatment guidelines, individual patient preferences, other health conditions, previous treatment history, and any resistance mutations in the individual's virus. Redwood City, California std test. Resistance mutations might already be present at the time of disease, consequently most clinicians will analyze the patient's virus for resistance mutations before starting or changing a regimen.
Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are widely used in combination with NRTIs to help in keeping the virus from multiplying. Cases of NNRTIs are efavirenz ( Sustiva ), nevirapine ( Viramune ), delavirdine ( Rescriptor ), etravirine ( Intelence ), and rilpivirine (Edurant). Complete HIV treatment regimens that join two NRTIs and one NNRTI in one pill taken once a day are available for convenience; these contain Atripla (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir) and Complera (rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir).
Protease inhibitors (PIs) interrupt virus replication at a later step in the HIV life cycle, keeping cells from creating new viruses. Currently, these include ritonavir ( Norvir ), darunavir ( Prezista ), and atazanavir ( Reyataz ). Std Test near me Redwood City, CA. Using PIs with NRTIs reduces the chances that the virus will become resistant to drugs. Atazanavir and darunavir are obtainable in combination with cobicistat as atazanavir/cobicistat (Evotaz) and darunavir/cobicistat (Prezcobix). Ritonavir and Cobicistat inhibit the breakdown of other drugs, so they are used as boosters to reduce the amount of pills needed.
Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (integrase inhibitors or integrases) stop HIV genes from becoming integrated into the human cell's DNA and are very well tolerated. Raltegravir ( Isentress ) was the first drug in this class. Elvitegravir is part of a fixed-dose combination (elvitegravir/cobicistat/tenofovir/emtricitabine) taken as one pill once daily, called Stribild. Dolutegravir (Tivicay) is also obtainable in a once-daily combination pill with two NRTIs, abacavir and lamivudine , called Triumeq.
Pregnant women who are HIV-positive should seek attention promptly from an obstetrician (OB). ARTWORK reduces the danger of transmitting the virus to the fetus, and the mother could be medicated by the OB and an infectious disease subspecialist. Treatment may also be given during perinatal period, or childbirth, to be able to help prevent HIV disease in the newborn There are specific drugs, nevertheless, that are harmful to the baby. Hence, seeing a doctor as early as possible before or during pregnancy to discuss ART drugs is essential.
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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus , the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV has also been called the human lymphotropic virus type III, the lymphadenopathy -associated virus and also the lymphadenopathy virus. Regardless of what name is used, it really is a retrovirus. (A retrovirus has an RNA genome as well as a reverse transcriptase enzyme. Using the reverse transcriptase, the virus uses its RNA as a template for making complementary DNA which can integrate into the DNA of the host organism).
Without treatment, it might take an issue of months or years for HIV to weaken the immune system beyond repair. The progression of HIV to the late period is referred to as AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. This last period of an HIV disease means that the body's immune system is severely damaged, leaving it more susceptible to other illnesses that it would otherwise have the capacity to fight off if it damaged and were not undermined. As such, it is not uncommon for individuals with AIDS to often get flus, colds or fungal infections. Redwood City California std test.
Yes. Since the genitalia are easily subjected to seminal fluids, biologically speaking a lady is more vulnerable to heterosexual transmission of the disorder. Sex inequality has great influence on the spread of HIV/AIDS among women. For example in some cultures, many women and girls are frequently put in situations where they participate in non-consensual sex or have sex for cash. In the U.S. minority communities have been hit the hardest by HIV. African American and Hispanic women together represent less than 25% of all U.S. women, yet they account for more than 78% of AIDS cases reported among women in our country.
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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of ailments caused by infection together with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 7 8 9 Following initial infection, an individual may not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief amount of influenza-like illness 4 Commonly, this is followed by a protracted period with no symptoms. 10 As the disease progresses, it hinders with the immune system, increasing the risk of common infections like tuberculosis, as well as other opportunistic infections, and tumors that rarely change people who have working immune systems. 4 These late symptoms of illness are referred to as AIDS. 10 This phase is usually also associated with weight loss 10
HIV is spread mainly by unprotected sex (including anal and oral sex ), infected blood transfusions , hypodermic needles , and from mother to child during pregnancy , delivery, or breastfeeding. 11 bodily fluids, including saliva and tears, don't transmit HIV. Redwood City std test. 12 Strategies of prevention include safe sex , needle exchange programs , treating those who are infected , and male circumcision 4 Disorder in an infant can frequently be prevented by giving both the mom and kid antiretroviral drugs 4 There is no cure or vaccine ; nevertheless, antiretroviral treatment can impede the course of the illness and may lead to a near-normal life expectancy. 10 13 Treatment is advocated as soon as the analysis is made. 14 Without treatment, the average survival time after infection is 11years. 15
In 2015 about 36.7 million people were living with HIV and it resulted in 1.2 million deaths. 4 5 Most of those infected live in sub Saharan Africa 4 Between 2014 AIDS and its discovery has caused an estimated 39million deaths worldwide. 16 HIV/AIDS is recognized as a pandemic ---a disease outbreak which is present over a large region and is actively spreading. 17 HIV is believed to have originated in west-central Africa during the late 19th or early 20th century. 18 AIDS was first recognized by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause---HIV disease---was identified in the early part of the decade. 19
HIV/AIDS has had a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a wellspring of discrimination 20 The disorder also has substantial economic impacts 20 There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS like the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non sexual contact. 21 The disease has become subject to many controversies involving faith including the Catholic Church 's decision not to support condom use as prevention. 22 it's attracted international political and medical attention in addition to large-scale backing as it was identified in the 1980s. 23
The initial interval following the contraction of HIV is called acute HIV, HIV that was primary or acute retroviral syndrome. 2 24 Many people develop an influenza-like illness or a mononucleosis-like illness 2-4 weeks post exposure while others have no significant symptoms. 25 26 Symptoms happen in 40-90% of cases and most commonly include throat inflammation, substantial tender lymph nodes, fever, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals. 24 26 The rash, which occurs in 20-50% of instances, presents itself on the torso and is maculopapular, classically. 27 Some individuals develop opportunistic infections at this stage. 24 Gastrointestinal symptoms for example nausea, vomiting or diarrhea may occur, as may neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or Guillain-Barr syndrome 26 The duration of the symptoms varies, but is normally one or two weeks. Std Test near Redwood City California. Redwood City std test. 26
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