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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is connected with a greater incidence of premature births. In addition, the fetus can acquire the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test nearest Sausalito California. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the high number of infected women without the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn and also symptoms

Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose therapy for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can also be used, nevertheless, due to the high price of the drug. The most frequent alternative treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is important.

Analysis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to attest that the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time-consuming method of identifying the bacteria and is no longer routinely used. For routine diagnostic purposes, quick tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs might be got in the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. So in this large multi-state study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Data were indistinguishable for women who had only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples from various portions of the world in 5 nations. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the teen to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a gain in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is liable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, as well as prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test near Sausalito CA. Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are more likely to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more inclined to get an STI in the event that you have sex with greater than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to disease , but old age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, in addition to older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more likely to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more likely to get an STI if you have sex with more than one individual Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but older age is not a protection. Std Test near me CA, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, as well as elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

The great news is the fact that chlamydia is easily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disorder do not understand they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants beyond the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std Test nearby Sausalito, CA United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection brought on by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most individuals who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take a few weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent infections of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections are often spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in areas with bad sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in people. 5 Diagnosis is normally by screening that is recommended yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing may be done on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs must diagnose diseases in those areas. Std Test in Sausalito, CA. 3

Prevention is by having sex with just one other individual, who is not infected, or not having using condoms, sex. 2 Chlamydia could be cured by antibiotics with commonly either azithromycin or doxycycline used. Erythromycin or azithromycin is advocated in infants and during pregnancy Sexual partners should also be treated and the people that were contaminated counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV should be tested for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment people should be examined after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection may be passed through oral sex, anal, or vaginal. Of those who have an asymptomatic infection that's not detected by their physician, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, those with a chlamydial disease demonstrate symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that could occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can lead to sterility or maybe even treated. Although the exact relevance in prostatitis is tough to ascertain due to potential contamination from urethritis, 11 Chlamydia is also a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Sausalito std test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main source of blindness worldwide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or fabrics, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for ingrowing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental progress), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The identification of genital chlamydial diseases evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), like polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia might be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to have a sensitivity of about 90% along with a specificity of about 99%, no matter sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic as well as a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27

Due to improved test accuracy, ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen management, and ease of screening women and sexually active men, heritage has been largely replaced by the NAATs, the historical gold standard for chlamydia analysis, and also the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully discovering only 60-80% of infections in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive effects. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is now the only assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other approach additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of condom use that is inconsistent, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or other risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Sausalito CA United States Std Test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF acknowledges that in some communities there could be a few other risk factors for disease, including ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and termination are presently not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is advantageous. 13 They advocate regular screening of men who are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV infection. 13

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"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic diseases in women over the last several years, studying the role of asymptomatic infections in men is a helpful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nevertheless, this was a select group, and you must always be cautious about translating information from one group to another for a number of reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Sausalito, United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test nearby Sausalito California. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they usually present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include an unusual vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For men and women, symptoms of rectal infection may include bleeding or rectal pain.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. As a way to enable the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work, individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days. Similarly, your partner should as be treated to prevent you getting re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when an individual 's sexual partners haven't been properly treated. Our doctors advise that your partner along with you get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any potential longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have major health consequences if left untreated. Std test near Sausalito. Untreated illnesses in women can cause chronic pelvic pain and prenatal issues. Chlamydia diseases that are continued may lead to serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher danger of getting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other portions of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause pain and inflammation. If not properly treated, chlamydia can also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection later in life appears common, and about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In certain instances the infection can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, occasionally over a prolonged period, may signal a case of pneumonia or bronchitis due to a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses make up the most frequently recognized disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test closest to Sausalito. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Fever symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a characteristically sub acute onset, meaning that they begin fairly rapidly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the fever symptoms may have already resolved. The sicknesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually mild, and people have a tendency to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a physician following the start of symptoms.

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