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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is connected with an increased prevalence of premature births. Additionally, the fetus can acquire the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test nearest Plains, Georgia. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the many infected women without the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn and also symptoms

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose therapy for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, however, because of the high cost of this drug. The most typical alternative treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are a number of other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is important.

Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a lab test to attest that the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time consuming process of identifying the bacteria and is no longer routinely used. For routine diagnostic functions, accelerated evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs might be gotten at the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests may be run on urine samples or self collected vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Therefore in this large multi-country study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Info were indistinguishable for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples in 5 countries from various elements of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a gain in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is in charge of pelvic inflammatory disease that causes ectopic pregnancy, infertility and pelvic pain. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced cervical cancer and, in both genders, HIV transmission. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, in addition to prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std Test closest to Plains, GA. Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you're more prone to get an STI in the event that you have sex with greater than one individual Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to illness , but older age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, together with elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more likely to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to illness , but mature age isn't a protection. Std test near me GA, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, in addition to older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The good news is the fact that chlamydia is readily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disease don't know they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may lead to premature birth.

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Std Test in Plains GA United States. Chlamydia infection, often simply called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection due to the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people that are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take a few weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent infections of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and could be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections can also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in regions with poor sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just occurs in individuals. 5 Diagnosis is often by screening which is advocated annually in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing may be achieved on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs must diagnose diseases in those regions. Std test in Plains GA. 3

Prevention is by not having the usage of condoms, sex, or having sex with just one other man, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia could be treated by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline used. Erythromycin or azithromycin is recommended in babies and during pregnancy Sexual partners should also be treated and the people that were contaminated counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be examined for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment people ought to be examined again after three months. 3

Chlamydial disease of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection may be passed through oral sex, anal, or vaginal. Of people who have an asymptomatic illness that's not found by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs , which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, those with a chlamydial disease reveal symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that could occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases can lead to sterility or maybe even treated. Although the precise relevance in prostatitis is tough to establish because of potential contamination from urethritis 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Plains Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most crucial cause of blindness worldwide, but its role declined from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, materials or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental developments), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The analysis of genital chlamydial diseases evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), along with the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia could be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to really have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and also a specificity of around 99%, irrespective of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI practice and a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab was estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27

Because of improved test correctness, ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen direction, and ease of screening women as well as sexually active men, culture has been mainly replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia diagnosis, as well as the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully finding only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive consequences. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is presently the only assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other method additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, new or multiple sexual partners, and condom use that is inconsistent. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Plains GA, United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there may be a few other risk factors for disease, like ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, conclusion and intervals are currently not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently insufficient to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They recommend routine screening of guys who are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV disease. 13

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"What is nice about this study is that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women during the past several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic infections in men is a helpful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Yet, this was a select group, and you also must always be careful about translating information from one group to another for many different reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Plains, United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and aren't treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test closest to Plains, Georgia. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they generally present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain an unusual vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both men and women, symptoms of rectal disease may include bleeding or rectal pain.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. To be able to allow the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work, people infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days. Likewise, your partner should be treated to prevent you getting re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when a person's sexual partners haven't been correctly treated. Our doctors advise that you as well as your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any potential longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have important health consequences if left untreated. Std Test near Plains. Untreated illnesses in women can lead to prenatal difficulties and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydia diseases that are continued may result in serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher danger of getting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not correctly treated, chlamydia may also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, and reinfection later in life appears common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In certain instances the infection can lead to a respiratory illness, sometimes with symptoms and characteristic clinical indications.

Cough symptoms, sometimes over a protracted period, may signal a case of pneumonia or bronchitis due to a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses represent the most often established disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test near Plains. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Temperature symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms may have a subacute onset, meaning they begin pretty rapidly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the temperature symptoms may have already solved. The sicknesses linked with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are generally light, and people have a tendency to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections, before seeing a doctor after the onset of symptoms.

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