Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is connected with an increased incidence of premature births. Moreover, the fetus can acquire the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test nearby Bible Grove, Illinois. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the high number of infected women without symptoms and also the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn
Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose therapy for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments may also be used, however, because of the steep price of the medication. The most frequent alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow-up testing to verify success of the treatment is very important.
Investigation of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to demonstrate that the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time-consuming procedure of identifying the bacteria and is routinely used. For routine diagnostic purposes, accelerated tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs could be got at the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests could be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.
Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Thus in this large multi-nation study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Information were identical for women who had only ever had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples in 5 nations from various elements of the world. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.
Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with an increase in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is in charge of pelvic inflammatory disease that causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic pain. It's also a cofactor in HPV-induced HIV transmission cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, along with prostatitis and urethral blockage.
Std test closest to Bible Grove, IL. Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more prone to get an STI if you have sex with greater than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but older age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, along with elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more likely to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to disease , but older age isn't a protection. Std Test nearby IL, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, together with older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
The great news is the fact that chlamydia is easily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disorder do not know they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants beyond the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may lead to premature birth.
Std test closest to Bible Grove IL, United States. Chlamydia disease, often just called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most individuals who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take several weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Repeated infections of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a common cause of blindness in the developing world 4
Chlamydia may be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and may be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in regions with poor sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only occurs in people. 5 Diagnosis is often by screening that is recommended annually in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing may be achieved on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose diseases in those areas. Std test nearby Bible Grove IL. 3
Prevention is by having sex with only one other individual, who's not infected, or not having sex, the usage of condoms. 2 Chlamydia may be treated by antibiotics with typically either azithromycin or doxycycline used. Azithromycin or erythromycin is recommended in babies and during pregnancy Sexual partners should also be treated and the individuals that were contaminated advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be analyzed for in those who have been infected. Following treatment people should be analyzed again after three months. 3
Chlamydial disease of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease may be passed through oral sex, anal, or vaginal. Of those that have an asymptomatic illness which is not detected by their physician, approximately half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , and/or ovaries PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs , which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.
In men, people that have a chlamydial disease reveal symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can cause sterility if not treated. 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men, even though the precise relevance in prostatitis is tough to establish due to possible pollution from urethritis. Bible Grove std test. 15
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main cause of blindness worldwide, but its function fell from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or materials, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20
The analysis of genital chlamydial infections evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), as well as the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia might be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to have a sensitivity of about 90% along with a specificity of about 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic and a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab has been estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27
Because of improved test accuracy, ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen management, and ease of screening sexually active men as well as women, the NAATs have largely replaced heritage, the historic gold standard for chlamydia analysis, as well as the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully finding only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving results that are falsely positive. Heritage remains useful in selected circumstances and is currently the only assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other method additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28
For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of inconsistent condom use, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or other risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Bible Grove IL, United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF admits that in some communities there may be a few other risk factors for disease, including ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, termination and intervals are presently not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently insufficient to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is advantageous. 13 They recommend regular screening of guys who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13
"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we've focused on asymptomatic infections in women over the last several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic diseases in men is a helpful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Yet, this was a select group, and you should be cautious about translating data from one group to another for various reasons."
SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Bible Grove United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and aren't treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test closest to Bible Grove, Illinois. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.
When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they generally present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain an unusual vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex if the infection spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, and/or unusual discharge from the penis. For both women and men, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.
Chlamydia could be treated and cured with antibiotics. Individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days in order to enable the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others. Similarly, your partner should as be treated to avoid you getting re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when an individual 's sexual partners have not been properly handled. Our physicians advise that your partner along with you get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.
If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have important health consequences. Std test closest to Bible Grove. Untreated infections in women may cause chronic pelvic pain and prenatal problems. Repeated chlamydia infections may result in serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. In addition, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher danger of contracting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different elements of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause pain and inflammation. If not correctly treated, chlamydia may also lead to male sterility.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been experienced by approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection later in life seems common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In some instances the infection can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.
Cough symptoms, sometimes over a protracted period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most often accepted ailments associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test near Bible Grove. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by fever symptoms. The symptoms might have a subacute beginning, meaning that they start pretty quickly, but not suddenly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a physician, the temperature symptoms may have already resolved. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually light, and people are inclined to wait longer before seeing a doctor after the onset of symptoms than they do with other acute respiratory infections.
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