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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is related to a greater prevalence of premature births. In addition, the fetus can acquire the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test nearby Glenview, Illinois. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the many infected women without the serious consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn and symptoms

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A convenient single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, nevertheless, due to the high price of the medication. The most typical alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow up testing to confirm success of the treatment is essential.

Analysis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to attest that the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time-consuming approach of identifying the bacteria and is routinely used. For routine diagnostic purposes, accelerated evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are commonly used. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be obtained in the time of gynecologic assessment by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests could be run on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. So in this large multi-country study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Info were indistinguishable for women who had only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples from different elements of the world in 5 countries. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than males Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with an increase in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic pain. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both genders. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, together with prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test near me Glenview, IL. Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more prone to get an STI in the event that you have sex with more than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to disease , but older age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, in addition to elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men and women can get the infection, but women are more likely to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more likely to get an STI if you have sex with greater than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but older age isn't a protection. Std Test nearby IL, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, as well as elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The good news is that chlamydia is readily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disorder don't know they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

Long Term Effects Of Chlamydia If Left Untreated in United States

Std Test nearest Glenview IL, United States. Chlamydia infection, often simply called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection due to the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most individuals who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take several weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections are often spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with bad sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only occurs in people. 5 Identification is often by screening that is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing may be achieved on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose infections in those places. Std Test in Glenview, IL. 3

Prevention is by not having using condoms, sex, or having sex with only one other person, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia could be treated by antibiotics with commonly either azithromycin or doxycycline used. During pregnancy Sexual partners must likewise be treated and erythromycin or azithromycin is urged in babies and the contaminated people counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be examined for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment folks should be tested after three months. 3

Chlamydial disease of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection may be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of those who have an asymptomatic infection that is not found by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In guys, those with a chlamydial disease show symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances may cause sterility if not treated. 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men, even though the exact relevance in prostatitis is tough to determine due to possible contamination from urethritis. Glenview Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most crucial source of blindness world-wide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease can be spread from eye to eye by fingers, fabrics or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Utilizing the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The diagnosis of genital chlamydial diseases evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), for example polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia could be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to have a sensitivity of about 90% and a specificity of approximately 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI practice along with a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

As a result of improved test correctness, ease of screening sexually active men as well as women, and ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen direction, the NAATs have mainly replaced heritage, the historic gold standard for chlamydia identification, and the non-amplified probe evaluations. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully detecting just 60-80% of infections in asymptomatic women, and often giving consequences that are falsely positive. Culture stays useful in selected conditions and is currently the sole assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other strategy additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that aren't pregnant, screening is advised in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of new or multiple sexual partners, chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, and inconsistent condom use. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Glenview, IL, United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there could be a few other risk factors for disease, such as ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, conclusion and intervals are presently not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently insufficient to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is valuable. 13 They advocate regular screening of men who are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV disease. 13

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"What's nice about this study is the fact that since we've focused on asymptomatic diseases in women during the last several years, taking a look at the role of asymptomatic infections in men is a useful improvement to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nevertheless, this was a select group, and you also should be cautious about translating data from one group to another for various reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Glenview, United States Std Test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Nearly half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std Test in Glenview, Illinois. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they commonly present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include an abnormal vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both men as well as women, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.

Chlamydia may be treated and cured with antibiotics. As a way to allow the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work, individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days. Likewise, your partner should as be treated to prevent you getting re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when a person's sexual partners haven't been correctly treated. Our doctors recommend that you as well as your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have major health consequences if left untreated. Std test nearest Glenview. Untreated illnesses in women can lead to prenatal difficulties and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydia infections that are repeated may result in serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. In addition, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for getting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause pain and inflammation. If not properly treated, chlamydia can also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae disease has been experienced by about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection after in life seems common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In some cases the infection can result in a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical manifestations and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, sometimes over a prolonged period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses make up the most frequently recognized diseases connected with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test in Glenview. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by fever symptoms. The symptoms may have a sub acute beginning, meaning that they begin fairly quickly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the temperature symptoms may have already worked out. The sicknesses associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are frequently mild, and people tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections, before seeing a doctor after the start of symptoms.

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