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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is associated with a greater incidence of premature births. Moreover, the fetus can acquire the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test nearby Marion Illinois. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the many infected women without the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn and symptoms

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, nevertheless, because of the steep cost of the drug. The most common alternative treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are a number of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is very important.

Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a lab test to illustrate the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time-consuming procedure of identifying the bacteria and is regularly used. For routine diagnostic purposes, accelerated evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. All these are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs could be gotten in the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests may be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.

Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Therefore in this large multi-state study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Information were indistinguishable for women who'd only ever had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples in 5 states from various parts of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the adolescent to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than males Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a gain in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is liable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, along with prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test nearby Marion, IL. Men and women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more inclined to get an STI in the event you have sex with more than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but old age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, along with elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men and women can get the disease, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you're more prone to get an STI in the event that you have sex with greater than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but older age is not a protection. Std Test closest to IL United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, along with elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

The good news is that chlamydia is easily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease do not know they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

What Happens When You Have Chlamydia in United States

Std test closest to Marion, IL, United States. Chlamydia disease, often just called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection brought on by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this could take a few weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections can also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with poor sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in people. 5 Analysis is normally by screening which is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be carried out on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs must diagnose diseases in those regions. Std Test closest to Marion, IL. 3

Prevention is by not having the use of condoms, sex, or having sex with just one other man, who's not infected. 2 Chlamydia may be cured by antibiotics with commonly either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. Erythromycin or azithromycin is urged in infants and during pregnancy Sexual partners must likewise be treated and the contaminated individuals advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV should be tested for in those who've been infected. Following treatment folks should be analyzed after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease may be passed through oral sex, anal, or vaginal. Of those who have an asymptomatic illness that is not discovered by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , and/or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, those with a chlamydial infection demonstrate symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that could occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can cause sterility if not treated. Although the precise relevance in prostatitis is tough to assess due to possible pollution from urethritis 11 Chlamydia is also a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Marion std test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main source of blindness world-wide, but its role fell from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, fabrics or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The identification of genital chlamydial diseases evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), like polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), as well as the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to really have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and a specificity of about 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI practice and also a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab has been estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

Because of improved evaluation correctness, ease of screening sexually active men as well as women, and ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen direction, heritage has been mostly replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia diagnosis, and also the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully discovering only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive consequences. Culture stays useful in selected conditions and is currently the sole assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other method also exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women who are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of new or multiple sexual partners, chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, and inconsistent condom use. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or other risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Marion, IL United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF acknowledges that in some communities there could be other risk factors for infection, including ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, conclusion and intervals are currently not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is beneficial. 13 They recommend routine screening of guys who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis disease. 13

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"What's nice about this study is that since we've focused on asymptomatic diseases in women during the past several years, looking at the function of asymptomatic diseases in men is a helpful add-on to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nonetheless, this was a select group, and you should be cautious about interpreting information from one group to another for many different reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Marion, United States Std Test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Nearly half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a doctor will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs, which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test closest to Marion Illinois. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they commonly present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain a burning or painful sensation or an unusual vaginal discharge during urination. In case the infection spreads, women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For men and women, symptoms of rectal infection may include bleeding or rectal pain.

Chlamydia could be treated and cured with antibiotics. People infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days in order to allow the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work. Similarly, your partner should be medicated to avoid you getting re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when someone 's sexual partners have not been properly treated. Our doctors recommend that your partner as well as you get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have important health consequences. Std test nearest Marion. Untreated infections in women can cause prenatal difficulties and chronic pelvic pain. Perennial chlamydia infections may lead to serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. In addition, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for contracting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different portions of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation as well as pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia can also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae disease has been experienced by approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection later in life seems common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In certain instances the disease can lead to a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, occasionally over a prolonged period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia due to a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses constitute the most frequently recognized disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test nearest Marion. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Fever symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a sub acute onset, meaning that they start fairly rapidly, but not suddenly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the temperature symptoms may have already worked out. The illnesses linked with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are frequently light, and people tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a physician after the beginning of symptoms.

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