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Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is connected with an elevated prevalence of premature births. Moreover, the fetus can acquire the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test near West York Illinois. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the large number of infected women without symptoms as well as the serious consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose therapy for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments may also be used, nevertheless, due to the steep price of this drug. The most frequent alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow up testing to verify success of the treatment is important.

Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a lab evaluation to show that the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time-consuming procedure of identifying the bacteria and is routinely used. For routine diagnostic functions, quick evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. All these are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be obtained in the time of gynecologic assessment by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs.

Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Consequently in this large multi-nation study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Data were indistinguishable for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples in 5 countries from various elements of the world. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the teen to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than males Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with an increase in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is accountable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy and pelvic pain. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, as well as prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test nearest West York, IL. Men and women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more likely to get an STI in the event you have sex with greater than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to illness , but old age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, as well as older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men and women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more inclined to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are exposed to disease , but old age isn't a protection. Std Test nearby IL United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, together with older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The good news is that chlamydia is readily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disease don't understand they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may lead to premature birth.

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Std Test near me West York IL United States. Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection brought on by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most individuals who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this could take a few weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Repeated diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections are often spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in areas with bad sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just appears in people. 5 Analysis is usually by screening that is recommended yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing could be achieved on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose infections in those places. Std Test near me West York IL. 3

Prevention is by having sex with only one other individual, who's not infected, or not having sex, the usage of condoms. 2 Chlamydia can be cured by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. Erythromycin or azithromycin is recommended in babies and during pregnancy Sexual partners should likewise be treated and the individuals that were infected counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV should be tested for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment individuals ought to be tested again after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection may be passed through anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Of people that have an asymptomatic illness that isn't found by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, people that have a chlamydial infection reveal symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can lead to sterility or maybe even treated. 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men, even though the exact relevance in prostatitis is difficult to assess due to potential pollution from urethritis. West York std test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most important cause of blindness world-wide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection may be spread from eye to eye by fingers, materials or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Utilizing the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for ingrowing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental developments), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The diagnosis of genital chlamydial infections evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia could be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to truly have a sensitivity of about 90% and a specificity of about 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic and also a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab has been estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

As a result of improved evaluation correctness, ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen management, and ease of screening women and sexually active men, heritage has been largely replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia analysis, and the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully detecting only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving falsely positive consequences. Culture remains useful in selected circumstances and is presently the only assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other system additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of condom use that is inconsistent, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or other risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). West York, IL, United States Std Test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF admits that in some communities there could be a few other risk factors for infection, including ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and conclusion are now not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They recommend routine screening of men that are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13

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"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we've focused on asymptomatic diseases in women during the last several years, looking at the role of asymptomatic infections in men is a helpful improvement to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "However, this was a select group, and also you should be cautious about translating information from one group to another for a variety of reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. West York United States Std Test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a doctor will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std Test nearby West York, Illinois. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they commonly present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include an unusual vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both women as well as men, symptoms of rectal infection may include bleeding or rectal pain.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. In order to enable the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others, people infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days. Likewise, your partner should as be medicated to prevent you becoming re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when someone 's sexual partners haven't been properly handled. Our doctors recommend that you and your partner get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any potential longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have major health consequences. Std test in West York. Untreated illnesses in women can cause prenatal problems and chronic pelvic pain. Perennial chlamydia infections may result in serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher danger of getting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different portions of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation as well as pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia may also lead to male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection after in life appears common, and a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease has been experienced by approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In some cases the disease can result in a respiratory illness, sometimes with characteristic clinical manifestations and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, sometimes over a lengthy period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses constitute the most frequently accepted ailments associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test closest to West York. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by temperature symptoms. The symptoms might have a characteristically sub acute onset, meaning they start fairly quickly, but not unexpectedly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a physician, the temperature symptoms may have already resolved. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are often light, and folks are inclined to wait longer before seeing a physician following the start of symptoms than they do with other acute respiratory infections.

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