Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is associated with an elevated incidence of premature births. In addition, the fetus can get the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test nearest Good Pine, Louisiana. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the high number of infected women without the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn as well as symptoms
Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A convenient single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, nevertheless, because of the steep price of this drug. The most common alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is important.
Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to demonstrate that the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time-consuming process of identifying the bacteria and is no longer normally used. For routine diagnostic functions, accelerated evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. All these are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be gotten in the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.
Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Consequently in this big multi-nation study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Info were identical for women who'd only ever had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples in 5 countries from different elements of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.
Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a rise in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is accountable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It's also a co factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both genders. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, in addition to prostatitis and urethral blockage.
Std Test in Good Pine, LA. Men and women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you're prone to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to illness , but older age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, as well as elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.
Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you're prone to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but old age is not a protection. Std test near LA United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, along with older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.
The great news is that chlamydia is readily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease don't understand they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.
Std Test nearby Good Pine LA, United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most folks who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take a few weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease that might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a common source of blindness in the developing world 4
Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and could be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with bad sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just occurs in humans. 5 Analysis is usually by screening that is advocated annually in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be achieved on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs must diagnose illnesses in those regions. Std Test in Good Pine LA. 3
Prevention is by not having the usage of condoms, sex, or having sex with just one other individual, who's not infected. 2 Chlamydia could be treated by antibiotics with commonly either azithromycin or doxycycline used. Azithromycin or erythromycin is recommended in infants and during pregnancy Sexual partners must also be treated and the infected individuals advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be analyzed for in those who have been infected. Following treatment people ought to be examined after three months. 3
Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection can be passed through anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Of people that have an asymptomatic infection that is not discovered by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.
In men, people that have a chlamydial infection demonstrate symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can cause sterility if not treated. 11 Chlamydia is also a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men, even though the exact relevance in prostatitis is tough to ascertain because of possible contamination from urethritis. Good Pine Std Test. 15
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most crucial cause of blindness world-wide, but its role diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection may be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or materials, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20
The identification of genital chlamydial diseases evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), for example polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to really have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and a specificity of about 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic and a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27
Because of improved evaluation accuracy, ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen direction, and ease of screening sexually active men and women, heritage has been largely replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia investigation, and also the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully finding only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving effects that are falsely positive. Culture stays useful in selected conditions and is presently the sole assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other process also exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28
For sexually active women who are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, new or multiple sexual partners, and inconsistent condom use. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or other risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Good Pine, LA United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF admits that in some communities there may be other risk factors for disease, such as ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and termination are currently not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is advantageous. 13 They advocate routine screening of men who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13
"What is nice about this study is that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women during the last several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic infections in men is a useful add-on to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "However, this was a select group, and you should be cautious about translating data from one group to another for a number of reasons."
SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Good Pine United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
Nearly half of all women who get chlamydia and aren't treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test near Good Pine, Louisiana. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.
When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they commonly present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include a painful or burning sensation or an abnormal vaginal discharge during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex in case the infection spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For men as well as women, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.
Chlamydia may be treated and cured with antibiotics. People infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days as a way to allow the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work. Similarly, your partner should as be medicated to prevent you getting re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when an individual 's sexual partners have not been correctly treated. Our doctors recommend that you along with your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.
A chlamydia infection can have major health consequences, if left untreated. Std Test near me Good Pine. Untreated infections in women can cause prenatal problems and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydia infections that are continued may lead to serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher danger of contracting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation as well as pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia may also result in male sterility.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae disease has been experienced by about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection after in life appears common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In some instances the disease can lead to a respiratory illness, occasionally with symptoms and characteristic clinical indications.
Cough symptoms, occasionally over a lengthy period, may indicate a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses represent the most frequently accepted disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test nearby Good Pine. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by fever symptoms. The symptoms might have a sub-acute beginning, meaning they begin pretty rapidly, but not unexpectedly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a physician, the fever symptoms may have already worked out. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually mild, and folks have a tendency to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections, before seeing a doctor following the beginning of symptoms.
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