Std Test nearest Cliff Island ME. FACT. HIV is not spread from casual contact, air, water, sharing dishes, toilet seats, or saliva. The virus cannot live for long periods outside the body. HIV is spread through bodily fluids including blood, semen, and breast milk and it is possible to spread the disease by having unprotected sex, and sharing needles. Less commonly, HIV can be passed on through breast milk, blood transfusions (this is rare because the blood supply in the U.S. is carefully screened), and being stuck with an HIV-contaminated needle or object.
MYTH. Not everyone has symptoms when first infected with HIV. Many people have flu-like symptoms, called acute retroviral syndrome” (ARS) or primary HIV infection,” within 2 to 4 weeks of being infected with HIV. Symptoms may include fever, swollen glands, sore throat , rash, fatigue , muscle and joint aches, and headache Symptoms may last a few days to a few weeks. However, these symptoms resemble many other infections and the only way to know for sure if you are infected with HIV is to get tested. Std test near Cliff Island, Maine.
HIV viruses have long term effects for the immune systems and further develop a number of varied illnesses such as fever, diarrhea, tuberculosis, pneumonia and skin infections. This condition is termed as AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Once the immune system is sufficiently weakened, such infections will develop and produce any of a wide range of symptoms. Some can be very severe some may lead to various cancers. Std Test near Cliff Island Maine. There is no exact prediction for these symptoms. HIV testing is the only source to diagnose. The most difficult aspect of HIV/ AIDS is that though there are medicines, which can help with these illnesses but there is no vaccine and no cure for the HIV, so almost all the infected people become more and more ill and eventually die. It is important for every individual to know and understand about this infection.
We live in an environment of microorganisms and at every moment an enormous number of them are entering body 1 It is the immune system that normally fights off these microorganisms and keeps body healthy. But over the last fifteen years a new disease spread by a family of viruses called HIV 2 which has spread globally. HIV stands for Human lmmunodeficiency Virus 3 It has been given this name because of its long-term effect to attack the immune system of the body, making it weak and deficient. The virus has weakened the immune system so much that they develop a number of different illnesses such as tuberculosis 4 , pneumonia , persistent diarrhea, and fever and skin infections. This condition is called AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
It is not possible to reliably diagnose HIV infection 5 or AIDS based on symptoms alone. HIV symptoms are very similar to the symptoms of other illnesses. So the only way to know for sure whether a person is infected with HIV is for them to have a test. HIV testing is the only way to know for sure if the person is infected or not. However there is an assortment of HIV symptoms that can be associated with a new HIV infection. Earlier HIV diagnosis, substance abuse treatment 6 , avoidance of breastfeeding, and use of prenatal antiretroviral medications 7 are critical in eliminating perinatal HIV infections 8
The HIV actually goes inside the white blood cells and lies their quietly. After 5 to 10 years the HIV virus tricks the cell to start making the viral proteins, this result in the formation of a huge number of viral particles inside the white cells and eventually the cells burst releasing thousands of new viruses in the blood. The released viruses infect new white cells. This cycle goes on and on, and eventually the immune system of the body gets affected. The use of combination of potent antiviral drugs leads to a reconstitution of the immune system 14
Symptoms of AIDS are caused by the deterioration of the immune system and the decline of CD4+ T cells 15 , 16 which are the immune system's key infection fighters. As soon as HIV enters the body, it begins to destroy the cells. Eventually the infected person may lose weight and become ill with diseases like persistent severe diarrhea, fever, or pneumonia, or skin cancer 17 He or she has now developed AIDS. There is no cure for HIV or for AIDS and so, it is almost certain that people diagnosed with AIDS will die. Some common symptoms include Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week, fever 18 , Dry cough, Memory loss 19 , depression and neurological disorders 20 , 21 , Pneumonia, Profound unexplained fatigue, Rapid weight loss 22 , Recurring fever or profuse night sweats, Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose or eyelids, Swollen lymph glands 23 in the armpits, groin or neck, White spots or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth, or in the throat.
Opportunistic infections are caused by germs that are around us all the time but which can normally be fought off by a healthy immune system. Once the immune system 27 is sufficiently weakened, such infections will develop and produce any of a wide range of symptoms. Some of these symptoms can be very severe. Certain cancers also become more common when the immune system is weakened. Std Test closest to Cliff Island, Maine. Symptoms of opportunistic infections common with AIDS include Coma, Coughing and shortness of breath, Difficult or painful swallowing, Extreme fatigue, Fever, Mental symptoms such as confusion and forgetfulness, Nausea, abdominal cramps and vomiting, Seizures and lack of coordination, Severe, persistent diarrhea 28 , Severe headaches, Vision loss and Weight loss. Many opportunistic infections associated with AIDS causes serious illness and some may be prevented.
Cryptoccoccal menigitis: This is a yeast-like fungus infection that usually involves the brain and lungs, although it can affect almost any organ. It is an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. It is not as common as some other opportunistic infections, but it can be deadly. The fungus that causes this condition is found in soil throughout the world 29 It is most common in soil contaminated by bird droppings. This disease most often occurs when a person's CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood 30 Symptoms include headache, nausea, fever, fatigue, irritability, sensitivity to light, stiff neck, change in mental state, and hallucinations
HIV-related encephalopathy: Encephalopathy 31 is a disease that alters brain function or structure, leading to problems with cognitive function, or mental processes, and memory. It is the infection of the CNS 32 In people with HIV and AIDS, encephalopathy is usually caused by an infectious agent, such as a bacteria, virus or prion. Encephalopathy most often occurs when a person's CD4+T cell count falls below 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Toxoplasmaseropositive patients who have a CD4+T cell count of less than 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood should be treated with prophylaxis 33 to prevent developing encephalopathy.
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML): Progressive multifocal leukoencephaopathy is a rare disorder of the nervous system caused by a common human polyomavirus, JC virus 34 It leads to the destruction of the myelin sheath that covers nerve cells. The myelin sheath is the fatty covering that acts as an insulator on nerve fibers in the brain. Symptoms include mental deterioration, vision loss, speech disturbances, and inability to coordinate movements, paralysis and ultimately coma. In rare cases, seizures may occur. This disease can occur when the CD4+T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
Toxoplasmosis: Toxoplasmosis is caused by infection with a ubiquitous intracellular protozoan parasite 35 , 36 It is a condition which occurs when a parasite infects the brain. Symptoms include confusion or delusional behavior, severe headaches, fever, seizures and coma. It can affect the eye, causing eye pain and reduced vision. Std Test near me Cliff Island. Toxoplasmosis most likely occurs when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Preventative treatment usually with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, also called Septra and Bactrim which may be administered when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC): Mycobacterium avium complex is an opportunistic infection caused by species of Mycobacterium that can produce severe illness in people with advanced AIDS but rarely affects others 41 The risk of disseminated MAC (DMAC) is directly related to the severity of immunosuppression 42 This is a bacterial infection that can cause persistent fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, anemia, abdominal pain, dizziness, diarrhea and weakness. The bacterium that causes this infection is found in water, dust, soil and bird droppings. This disease most likely occurs when the CD4+T cell count falls below 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Preventive treatment, usually with azithromycin, is administered when CD4+ T cells are less than 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Maine Std Test.
Herpes Simplex: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is the predominant cause of genital herpes and has been implicated in HIV infection and transmission 45 , 46 This virus causes genital herpes, which are painful blisters in the genital area, or cold sores. Severe conditions are more common in the advanced stage of AIDS. Both men and women have alike symptoms which include Itching or tingling sensations in the genital or anal area, pain when passing urine over the open sores especially in women, headaches, backache, flu-like symptoms, including swollen glands or fever 47
Coccidiomycosis: Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection. This infection is caused by inhaling an infective fungus called Coccidioides immitis, found mainly in contaminated soil in the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central America and parts of South America 56 The lungs are most commonly affected by this infection. In severe cases, it can involve the kidneys, lymph system, brain and spleen. Symptoms include cough, weight loss and fatigue. Meningitis 57 is a common complication when left untreated.
Histoplasmosis: Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection. This infection almost always involves the lungs, although other organs may be affected 58 , 59 The fungus that causes this condition is found in southern parts of the United States and South America. It is usually found in soil contaminated with bird droppings and must be inhaled to cause infection. Cliff Island std test. Signs and symptoms include high fever, weight loss, respiratory complaints, an enlarged liver , spleen, or lymph nodes, depressed production of white cells, red blood cells and platelets 60 from the bone marrow and life-threatening, unstable, low blood pressure. This occurs most likely when the T-CD4+ cell count is less than 50 cells per cubic millimeter of blood 61
Pneumocystis Carinii: Pneumocystis carinii is a eukaryotic microorganism that is found worldwide which causes immunosuppression 62 This condition occurs when a fungus infects the lungs. Symptoms may include fever, cough, difficulty breathing, weight loss, night sweats and fatigue. It is most likely to occur when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Preventative treatment may be administered when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
Tuberculosis (TB): This is a serious, and often deadly, bacterial infection that primarily infects the lungs. TB 64 is transmitted when a person with active TB coughs or sneezes, releasing microscopic particles into the air. If inhaled, these particles may transmit the condition. Once infected by TB, most people remain healthy and develop only latent infection. People with latent infection are neither sick nor infectious. However, they do have the potential to become sick and infectious with active TB. It can occur at any CD4+ T cell level but especially when the CD4+ T cell count falls below 350 cells per cubic millimeter of blood.
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL): Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 65 is a disease in which tumors 66 develop from white blood cells in the lymphatic system. It is another common disease associated with AIDS. High grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma continues to be the second most common neoplasm in people with HIV. CD4+ T lymphocyte count falls below 100 cells per cubic millimeter of blood 67 , 68 The most common sign of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a painless swelling in one or more of the lymph nodes of the neck, collarbone region, armpits or groin.
Kaposi's sarcoma: This is the most common AIDS-related cancer 69 In people with AIDS, Kaposi's sarcoma 70 is caused by an interaction between HIV, a weakened immune system, and the human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8).It causes reddish-purple lesions that usually appear on the skin. Std test near me Cliff Island ME. They also can appear on the lymph nodes, mouth, gastrointestinal tract and lungs. The lesions first appear on the feet or ankles, thighs, arms, hands, face, or any other part of the body. They also can appear on sites inside the body. The tumors 71 most often appear as bluish-red or purple bumps on the skin. They are reddishpurple because they are rich in blood vessels.
Std Test nearby Cliff Island, ME United States. Shingles: Shingles, or herpes zoster, is a common illness 72 Shingles are caused by a reactivation of the chicken pox virus. The herpes zoster virus is a rare but potential cause of acute motor weakness 73 It may cause a painful rash or blisters that follow the path of nerve i.e. during sensation on the nerve paths along which the virus is travelling. Rash is typically accompanied by a fever and enlarged lymph nodes. Two to three days after the pain has begun, a typical rash appears small blisters on red, swollen skin. Std Test near me Cliff Island United States. The rash usually reaches its peak after three to five days. Then, the blisters burst and turn into sores.
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