Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is associated with an increased incidence of premature births. In addition, the fetus can get the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test nearby Eddington Maine. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the large number of infected women without symptoms and the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn
Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose therapy for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternative treatments may also be used, nevertheless, due to the high cost of this drug. The most typical alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow up testing to verify success of the treatment is important.
Investigation of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to attest the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time-consuming method of identifying the bacteria and is no longer normally used. For routine diagnostic functions, quick tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs could be gotten in the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests may be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.
Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Hence in this large multi-country study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Information were identical for women who had only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples from various portions of the world in 5 countries. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.
Most instances are in the adolescent to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with an increase in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is in charge of pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It's also a co factor in HPV-induced cervical cancer and, in both sexes, HIV transmission. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, in addition to prostatitis and urethral blockage.
Std test closest to Eddington, ME. Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're prone to get an STI in the event that you have sex with more than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but mature age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, along with older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
Men and women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you're more prone to get an STI in the event you have sex with greater than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but mature age isn't a protection. Std Test nearest ME United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, together with elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.
The great news is that chlamydia is easily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease do not understand they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may lead to premature birth.
Std test near Eddington, ME United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most individuals who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take a few weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease that might result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Repeated diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4
Chlamydia may be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections can also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with bad sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in people. 5 Identification is normally by screening which is advocated annually in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be done on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs are required to diagnose diseases in those areas. Std Test in Eddington ME. 3
Prevention is by having sex with just one other person, who's not infected, or not having sex, the usage of condoms. 2 Chlamydia can be treated by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. During pregnancy Sexual partners should likewise be treated and azithromycin or erythromycin is recommended in babies and the contaminated individuals advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be analyzed for in those who have been infected. Following treatment individuals should be tested after three months. 3
Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease can be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of people who have an asymptomatic illness that isn't discovered by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , and/or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.
In guys, people that have a chlamydial infection reveal symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can result in sterility if not treated. Even though the exact relevance in prostatitis is tough to determine because of possible contamination from urethritis, 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Eddington Std Test. 15
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most important source of blindness world-wide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, materials or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for in growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental progress), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20
The analysis of genital chlamydial infections evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), for example polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), as well as the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to truly have a sensitivity of approximately 90% along with a specificity of about 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI practice as well as a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27
Due to improved evaluation accuracy, ease of screening women as well as sexually active men, and ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen management, culture has been mainly replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia diagnosis, as well as the non-amplified probe evaluations. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully finding only 60-80% of infections in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving falsely positive consequences. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is currently the sole assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other process also exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28
For sexually active women who are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of new or multiple sexual partners, chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, and inconsistent condom use. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Eddington ME, United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there may be other risk factors for infection, like ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and termination are now not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is beneficial. 13 They advocate routine screening of guys who are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV disease. 13
"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic diseases in women over the past several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic infections in men is a useful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nonetheless, this was a select group, and you also should be cautious about interpreting data from one group to another for an assortment of reasons."
SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Eddington, United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
Nearly half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs, which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std Test closest to Eddington Maine. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.
When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they generally present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain an abnormal vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, if the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both women and men, symptoms of rectal infection may include bleeding or rectal pain.
Chlamydia could be treated and cured with antibiotics. People infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days as a way to allow the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others. Likewise, your partner should be treated to prevent you becoming re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when an individual 's sexual partners have not been properly handled. Our doctors advise that you along with your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.
A chlamydia infection can have important health consequences, if left untreated. Std Test near me Eddington. Untreated illnesses in women can result in prenatal problems and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydia diseases that are perennial may result in serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher risk for contracting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not correctly treated, chlamydia may also lead to male sterility.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, and reinfection later in life seems common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In certain instances the disease can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.
Cough symptoms, sometimes over a prolonged period, may signal a case of pneumonia or bronchitis because of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most often recognized disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test in Eddington. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by temperature symptoms. The symptoms may have a subacute onset, meaning that they start fairly quickly, but not unexpectedly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a physician, the temperature symptoms may have already worked out. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are generally mild, and people tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a physician after the onset of symptoms.
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