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At the moment, there is no treatment for AIDS or HIV infection. It is a chronic illness and also the virus stays in your body for your lifetime. The virus has been treated with a mixture of different drugs which, when taken collectively at the same time every day without missing doses, function so the immune system can remain powerful to keep the virus quiet. Following your doctor's treatment strategy is very important. Your health care provider may also tell you to eat healthful foods, exercise, and lower any pressure in your lifetime. Std Test near Woolwich, United States. All these factors work together to keep you healthy and feeling good.

Get tested. Std test near me Woolwich, ME, United States! You can make sure that both you and your partner get tested for HIV before you have sex. Std Test near Woolwich. Many health care providers' offices, hospitals, and clinics offer HIV testing at a low cost or for free. If your test is positive, you might feel scared - speaking with HIV examiner or your doctor as soon as possible to learn about treatment is a good spot to start. Early treatment improves a person's health and prevents a number of the damage to the immune system that untreated HIV can cause. Additionally, there are safe surroundings like support groups to find help getting answers to your questions and working through your feelings.

HIV is transmitted chiefly, and between individuals via bodily fluids through sexual contact. The virus can transmit when contaminated bodily fluids (blood, semen, seminal fluid, rectal fluids and vaginal fluids) from one individual make contact with broken tissue or the mucus membrane on another person. HIV-infected pregnant women can pass on the virus to their infant during childbirth, or through breast milk. HIV is not spread by air/water, tear/saliva/perspiration, hand-shaking or cohabitation with an infected individual. Actions that allow contact with a different individual's bodily fluids and boost the chances of contracting HIV comprise:

HIV is typically diagnosed by testing for HIV antibodies in spit or blood. Woolwich ME std test. It might take 3-6 months for HIV antibodies to accumulate to detectable amounts, and that's why it's important to utilize protection during sex. Following a positive diagnosis, evaluations for CD4 T cell count, viral load and drug resistance are performed to ascertain the optimal treatment regimen. Additional tests might be required to address complications or secondary infections, including hepatitis, tuberculosis, other STIs and kidney damage.

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There isn't any cure for HIV, so keep the immune system function, the aims of therapy are to prevent viral replication, and minimize adverse reactions. The timing and process of treatment is determined based on the individual 's test results (CD4 count, viral load and drug resistance) and other existing conditions. It is generally recommended to start treatment as early as possible to be able to keep a low viral count and prevent progression to AIDS. A typical treatment is made up of drug cocktail with at least three pills (representing different groups of antiviral drugs) taken daily, for life. With antiretroviral treatment, viral numbers drop to undetectable levels, but the body still carries and can transmit the virus.

Throughout the world, HIV is frequently spread through sex. 1 Women may be at greater danger of being infected with HIV during sexual contact than guys are. It is because the delicate tissues of the vagina can rip marginally during sex and allow the virus enter the body. (This is especially likely among girls under age 18.) The vagina also has a sizable surface area that may be subjected to the virus, thereby increasing risk of infection. Similarly, anal tissues are also fragile and prone to snapping somewhat during sex. Girls are at higher risk of infection via anal sex than by vaginal sex with an infected man. Most women around the world and in the USA who have HIV were infected through sex with a man.

Women who have HIV can pass the disease to their children during pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding. For this reason, pregnant women who are HIV-infected need to take additional steps to protect their children from disease. These steps include taking anti-HIV drugs and formula-feeding their kids. Std test near Woolwich, ME, United States. Using contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy is another method to stop transmission of the virus, and it is very powerful and cheap Read more about preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Treatment individualized and is initiated under the oversight of a physician who's a specialist in the care of HIV-infected patients. A mixture of at least three ART drugs is needed to suppress the virus from replicating and improve the immune system. How these drugs are combined depends upon individual patient preferences, the most current treatment guidelines, other health conditions, previous treatment history, and any resistance mutations in the person 's virus. Woolwich, Maine std test. Resistance mutations may already show up at the time of illness, consequently most clinicians will analyze the patient's virus for resistance mutations before changing or starting a regimen.

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Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are widely used in combination with NRTIs to help to keep the virus from multiplying. Examples of NNRTIs are efavirenz ( Sustiva ), nevirapine ( Viramune ), delavirdine ( Rescriptor ), etravirine ( Intelence ), and rilpivirine (Edurant). Whole HIV treatment regimens that join two NRTIs and one NNRTI in one pill taken once a day are available for convenience; these contain Atripla (efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir) and Complera (rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir).

Protease inhibitors (PIs) interrupt virus replication at a subsequent step in the HIV life cycle, preventing cells from creating new viruses. Now, these include ritonavir ( Norvir ), darunavir ( Prezista ), and atazanavir ( Reyataz ). Std Test closest to Woolwich ME. Using PIs with NRTIs reduces the chances the virus will become resistant to drugs. Atazanavir and darunavir are obtainable in combination with cobicistat as atazanavir/cobicistat (Evotaz) and darunavir/cobicistat (Prezcobix). Ritonavir and Cobicistat inhibit the breakdown of other drugs, so they are used as boosters to reduce the number of pills needed.

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Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (integrase inhibitors or integrases) prevent HIV genes from becoming incorporated into the human cell's DNA and are very well born. Raltegravir ( Isentress ) was the first drug in this category. Elvitegravir is portion of a fixed-dose combination (elvitegravir/cobicistat/tenofovir/emtricitabine) taken as one pill once daily, called Stribild. Dolutegravir (Tivicay) is also available in a once-daily combination pill with two NRTIs, abacavir and lamivudine , called Triumeq.

Pregnant women who are HIV-positive should seek care immediately from an obstetrician (OB). ART reduces the risk of transmitting the virus to the fetus, as well as the mummy might be treated by the OB and an infectious-disease practitioner. Therapy may also be given during childbirth, or perinatal period, to be able to help prevent HIV infection in the newborn There are particular drugs, nevertheless, that are bad for the baby. Therefore, seeing a physician as early as possible before or during pregnancy to go over ARTWORK medications is essential.

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HIV: Acronym for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus , the cause of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). HIV has also been called the human lymphotropic virus type III, the lymphadenopathy -associated virus and the lymphadenopathy virus. No matter what name is used, this is a retrovirus. (A retrovirus has an RNA genome and a reverse transcriptase enzyme. Utilizing the reverse transcriptase, the virus uses its RNA as a template for making complementary DNA which can integrate into the DNA of the host organism).

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Without treatment, it may take a matter of years or months for HIV to weaken the immune system beyond repair. The progression of HIV to the late stage is referred to as AIDS, or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. This last stage of an HIV disease means the body's immune system is severely damaged, leaving it more vulnerable to other illnesses that it'd otherwise manage to fight off if it damaged and were not undermined. As such, it isn't unusual for people with AIDS to frequently get flus, colds or fungal infections. Woolwich, Maine std test.

Yes. Biologically speaking a woman is more vulnerable to heterosexual transmission of the disease because the genitalia are easily exposed to seminal fluids. Gender inequality has great influence on the spread of HIV/AIDS among women. For example in certain cultures, many women and girls are often put in situations where they participate in non-consensual sex or have sex for cash. In the U.S. minority communities have been hit the hardest by HIV. African American and Hispanic women together represent less than 25% of all U.S. women, yet they account for more than 78% of AIDS cases reported among women in our country.

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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of illnesses brought on by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 7 8 9 Following initial infection, a person might not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief amount of influenza-like illness 4 Commonly, this is followed by a prolonged period with no symptoms. 10 As the disease progresses, it interferes with the immune system, increasing the danger of common infections like tuberculosis, in addition to other opportunistic infections, and tumors that rarely affect people who have working immune systems. 4 These late symptoms of disease are known as AIDS. 10 This phase is often also associated with weight loss 10

HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex (including anal and oral sex ), contaminated blood transfusions , hypodermic needles , and from mother to child during pregnancy , delivery, or breastfeeding. 11 Some bodily fluids, like tears and spit, don't transmit HIV. Woolwich Std Test. 12 Strategies of prevention include safe sex , needle exchange programs , treating those that are infected , and male circumcision 4 Ailment in an infant can often be prevented by giving both the mom and child antiretroviral medication 4 There is no cure or vaccine ; however, antiretroviral treatment can slow the course of the illness and can result in a near-normal life expectancy. 10 13 Treatment is advocated as soon as the analysis is made. 14 Without treatment, the typical survival time after disease is 11years. 15

In 2015 about 36.7 million people were living with HIV and it resulted in 1.2 million departures. 4 5 Most of those infected live in sub-Saharan Africa 4 Between its discovery and 2014 AIDS has caused an estimated 39million deaths worldwide. 16 HIV/AIDS is considered a pandemic ---a disease outbreak which is actively propagating. is present over a large region and 17 HIV is believed to have originated in west-central Africa during the late 19th or early 20th century. 18 AIDS was first recognized by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause---HIV infection---was identified in the early part of the decade. 19

HIV/AIDS has had a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a source of discrimination 20 The disorder also has large economic impacts 20 There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS like the belief that it could be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. 21 The disease has become subject to many controversies involving religion including the Catholic Church 's determination not to support condom use as prevention. 22 It has attracted international political and medical focus in addition to large scale financing as it was identified in the 1980s. 23

The first interval following the contraction of HIV is called primary HIV acute HIV or acute retroviral syndrome. 2 24 Many individuals develop an influenza-like illness or a mononucleosis-like illness 2-4 weeks post exposure while others don't have any significant symptoms. 25 26 Symptoms happen in 40-90% of instances and most commonly include throat inflammation, big painful lymph nodes, temperature, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals. 24 26 The rash, which occurs in 20-50% of cases, is maculopapular, classically and presents itself on the trunk. 27 Some people also develop opportunistic infections at this stage. 24 Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhea may occur, as may neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or Guillain-Barr syndrome 26 The length of the symptoms varies, but is normally a couple of weeks. Std test nearest Woolwich Maine. Woolwich Std Test. 26

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