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Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is related to an elevated incidence of premature births. Furthermore, the fetus can get the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test near me Natick Massachusetts. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the high number of infected women without symptoms as well as the serious consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn

Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternative treatments can be used, however, due to the steep cost of this drug. The most frequent alternative treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is vital.

Identification of chlamydia relies upon a lab test to illustrate the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time consuming method of identifying the bacteria and is no longer regularly used. For routine diagnostic functions, quick tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. All these are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs could be got at the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. So in this big multi-state study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Info were indistinguishable for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples in 5 nations from various parts of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the teen to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a gain in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is liable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes ectopic pregnancy, infertility and pelvic pain. It is also a co factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, together with prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std Test closest to Natick MA. Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you're more inclined to get an STI in the event you have sex with more than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to infection , but old age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, in addition to older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men and women can get the infection, but women are prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more inclined to get an STI in case you have sex with greater than one individual Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to infection , but mature age isn't a protection. Std Test closest to MA United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, as well as elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The good news is the fact that chlamydia is easily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disease don't know they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants beyond the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std test closest to Natick MA United States. Chlamydia disease, often just known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection brought on by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most folks who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take a few weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Continued diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a standard cause of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections can also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in areas with bad sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in humans. 5 Identification is usually by screening which is recommended yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing may be carried out on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose illnesses in those regions. Std test in Natick, MA. 3

Prevention is by not having using condoms, sex, or having sex with just one other person, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia may be cured by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline used. During pregnancy Sexual partners should even be treated and azithromycin or erythromycin is advocated in infants and the people that were contaminated counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be examined for in those who have been infected. Following treatment individuals should be tested again after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease can be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of those who have an asymptomatic infection that is not found by their physician, approximately half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, people that have a chlamydial disease reveal symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases can cause sterility or maybe even treated. Although the exact relevance in prostatitis is tough to determine due to potential contamination from urethritis, 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Natick Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most important source of blindness world-wide, but its function declined from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease can be spread from eye to eye by fingers, materials or shared towels, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Utilizing the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in-growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental developments), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The analysis of genital chlamydial diseases evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), including polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to have a sensitivity of approximately 90% along with a specificity of approximately 99%, irrespective of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic along with a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

As a result of improved evaluation correctness, ease of screening sexually active men and women, and ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen direction, the NAATs have largely replaced culture, the historical gold standard for chlamydia analysis, and the non-amplified probe evaluations. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully discovering just 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving falsely positive effects. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is now the only assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other strategy additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that aren't pregnant, screening is advised in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of new or multiple sexual partners, chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, and inconsistent condom use. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Natick MA, United States std test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF acknowledges that in some communities there may be a few other risk factors for infection, for example ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, termination and intervals are now not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently inadequate to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They advocate routine screening of men who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13

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"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women over the last several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic diseases in men is a helpful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "However, this was a select group, and you also must always be careful about interpreting data from one group to another for various reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Natick, United States Std Test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and aren't treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test nearest Natick, Massachusetts. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they typically present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include a burning or painful sensation or an abnormal vaginal discharge during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, if the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both men and women, symptoms of rectal disease may include bleeding or rectal pain.

Chlamydia could be treated and cured with antibiotics. In order to permit the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others, individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days. Similarly, your partner should as be medicated to avoid you getting re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when an individual 's sexual partners haven't been correctly treated. Our physicians recommend that you as well as your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the wellbeing of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have important health consequences, if left untreated. Std test nearest Natick. Untreated illnesses in women may result in chronic pelvic pain and prenatal difficulties. Chlamydia diseases that are perennial may lead to serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Furthermore, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for contracting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation as well as pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia can also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection after in life seems common, and approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In certain cases the infection can result in a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, occasionally over a protracted period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most often established ailments connected with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test near Natick. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Fever symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a characteristically sub-acute onset, meaning they start fairly rapidly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the fever symptoms may have already worked out. The sicknesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are generally light, and people tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a physician following the onset of symptoms.

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