Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is connected with an increased incidence of premature births. In addition, the fetus can acquire the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test near Fife Lake, Michigan. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the high number of infected women without the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn and symptoms
Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, nevertheless, due to the high price of the medication. The most common alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the infection. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow up testing to verify success of the treatment is important.
Analysis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory evaluation to show that the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and much more time-consuming approach of identifying the bacteria and is regularly used. For routine diagnostic purposes, high-speed tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are commonly used. All these are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be gotten at the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests could be run on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs.
Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to display a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Therefore in this large multi-state study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Info were identical for women who had only ever had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples from different portions of the planet in 5 nations. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.
Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a rise in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes ectopic pregnancy, infertility and pelvic pain. It is also a co factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission, cervical cancer and, in both genders. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, along with prostatitis and urethral blockage.
Std test closest to Fife Lake, MI. Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you are prone to get an STI in the event you have sex with greater than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to illness , but old age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, as well as elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more likely to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more likely to get an STI in case you have sex with greater than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but old age isn't a protection. Std test nearest MI, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, together with elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
The good news is that chlamydia is readily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disease do not know they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants beyond the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may lead to premature birth.
Std Test near Fife Lake MI United States. Chlamydia infection, often just called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most individuals who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take several weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Continued diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a standard source of blindness in the developing world 4
Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and may be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections can also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in areas with bad sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in humans. 5 Identification is frequently by screening that is recommended annually in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be carried out on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs are required to diagnose illnesses in those areas. Std Test closest to Fife Lake, MI. 3
Prevention is by not having the usage of condoms, sex, or having sex with just one other man, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia can be treated by antibiotics with generally either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. Azithromycin or erythromycin is advocated in infants and during pregnancy Sexual partners must also be treated and the individuals that were contaminated counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV should be examined for in people who have been infected. Following treatment folks should be examined after three months. 3
Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection may be passed through oral sex, anal, or vaginal. Of those who have an asymptomatic infection that isn't discovered by their physician, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.
In men, people that have a chlamydial disease show symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that could occur include: a painful or burning sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases may lead to sterility or maybe even treated. 11 Chlamydia is also a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men, even though the precise relevance in prostatitis is difficult to determine due to potential pollution from urethritis. Fife Lake std test. 15
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the main cause of blindness worldwide, but its role decreased from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, cloths or shared towels, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for in-growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental progress), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20
The analysis of genital chlamydial diseases evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and also the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to truly have a sensitivity of about 90% along with a specificity of about 99%, no matter sampling from a cervical swab or by urine sample. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic along with a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27
Due to improved evaluation accuracy, ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen direction, and ease of screening sexually active men as well as women, the NAATs have mostly replaced heritage, the historic gold standard for chlamydia identification, and the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully finding just 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive consequences. Culture remains useful in selected circumstances and is currently the sole assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other procedure also exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28
For sexually active women who aren't pregnant, screening is recommended in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of condom use that is inconsistent, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Fife Lake MI, United States Std Test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF admits that in some communities there may be other risk factors for infection, for example ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and conclusion are currently not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently insufficient to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is beneficial. 13 They advocate routine screening of guys who are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV disease. 13
"What's nice about this study is that since we've focused on asymptomatic infections in women over the last several years, looking at the function of asymptomatic diseases in men is a helpful improvement to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "However, this was a select group, and also you must always be careful about interpreting data from one group to another for a number of reasons."
SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Fife Lake, United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a doctor will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test near Fife Lake, Michigan. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.
When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they usually present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain a painful or burning sensation or an unusual vaginal discharge during urination. If the disease spreads, women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For men as well as women, symptoms of rectal infection may include bleeding or rectal pain.
Chlamydia could be treated and cured with antibiotics. People infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days as a way to enable the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others. Similarly, your partner should as be treated to prevent you getting re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when an individual 's sexual partners haven't been correctly handled. Our physicians recommend that your partner as well as you get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.
If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have major health consequences. Std test in Fife Lake. Untreated illnesses in women can cause prenatal problems and chronic pelvic pain. Continued chlamydia diseases may result in serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. In addition, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher danger of contracting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other elements of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause pain and inflammation. If not correctly treated, chlamydia can also lead to male sterility.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection after in life seems common, and about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In some cases the infection can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.
Cough symptoms, occasionally over a protracted period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most frequently established disorders connected with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test in Fife Lake. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Temperature symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms may have a characteristically sub-acute onset, meaning that they begin fairly rapidly, but not abruptly. Dr. Chou notes that regularly, by the time a patient sees a physician, the fever symptoms may have already resolved. The illnesses associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are generally light, and people have a tendency to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections, before seeing a physician following the beginning of symptoms.
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