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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is associated with an increased prevalence of premature births. Moreover, the fetus can get the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test closest to Lansing, Michigan. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the many infected women without symptoms and also the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn

Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can be used, however, because of the steep price of the medication. The most typical alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there has been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow up testing to confirm success of the treatment is vital.

Analysis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory evaluation to illustrate that the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time-consuming process of identifying the bacteria and is regularly used. For routine diagnostic purposes, high-speed tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are commonly used. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs could be got in the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Therefore in this large multi-state study circumcision reduced the risk 82%. Info were identical for women who had only had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples in 5 states from various portions of the world. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a gain in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is accountable for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It's also a co-factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, along with prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test near Lansing, MI. Men and women can get the disease, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more inclined to get an STI in the event that you have sex with more than one man Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to disease , but mature age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, along with elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men as well as women can get the disease, but women are more likely to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more prone to get an STI in the event that you have sex with greater than one individual Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but mature age isn't a protection. Std test near me MI, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, as well as older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The good news is that chlamydia is easily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease do not understand they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std test nearby Lansing MI United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take a few weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the top genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent infections of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a common source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia may be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections are often spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with poor sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only occurs in individuals. 5 Diagnosis is usually by screening that is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing could be carried out on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs are required to diagnose illnesses in those places. Std Test near me Lansing, MI. 3

Prevention is by having sex with just one other individual, who's not infected, or not having using condoms, sex. 2 Chlamydia may be treated by antibiotics with typically either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. During pregnancy Sexual partners must likewise be treated and erythromycin or azithromycin is recommended in infants and the individuals that were infected counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be examined for in those who've been infected. Following treatment people should be tested again after three months. 3

Chlamydial disease of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The infection could be passed through anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Of those that have an asymptomatic infection that's not found by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In guys, those with a chlamydial infection show symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular pain or swelling, or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances may result in sterility if not treated. Although the exact relevance in prostatitis is difficult to establish due to potential pollution from urethritis 11 Chlamydia is also a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Lansing Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most important source of blindness worldwide, but its function decreased from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection may be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or materials, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for ingrowing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental developments), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The identification of genital chlamydial diseases evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia could be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to really have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and also a specificity of approximately 99%, no matter sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI clinic and also a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

As a result of improved evaluation correctness, ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen direction, and ease of screening women and sexually active men, the NAATs have mainly replaced heritage, the historical gold standard for chlamydia identification, and the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully discovering only 60-80% of infections in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving falsely positive results. Heritage remains useful in selected circumstances and is currently the only assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other procedure also exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women who aren't pregnant, screening is recommended in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, new or multiple sexual partners, and condom use that is inconsistent. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Lansing, MI United States Std Test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there might be other risk factors for disease, including ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, conclusion and intervals are now not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is now insufficient to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is advantageous. 13 They recommend routine screening of men who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13

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"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we've focused on asymptomatic infections in women during the last several years, studying the function of asymptomatic diseases in men is a useful add-on to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Yet, this was a select group, and you must always be careful about interpreting data from one group to another for many different reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Lansing United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Nearly half of all women who get chlamydia and aren't treated by a doctor will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test near me Lansing Michigan. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they usually present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain a burning or painful sensation or an abnormal vaginal discharge during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, in the event the infection spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both women as well as men, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.

Chlamydia may be treated and cured with antibiotics. Individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days in order to enable the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others. Similarly, your partner should be medicated to avoid you becoming re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when an individual 's sexual partners haven't been properly handled. Our doctors recommend that you as well as your partner get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any potential longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have major health consequences if left untreated. Std Test closest to Lansing. Untreated infections in women can lead to chronic pelvic pain and prenatal issues. Chlamydia infections that are repeated may result in serious reproductive issues, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. In addition, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for contracting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different elements of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation as well as pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia can also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Approximately 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, and reinfection after in life appears common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In certain instances the infection can result in a respiratory illness, sometimes with characteristic clinical indications and symptoms.

Cough symptoms, occasionally over a prolonged period, may indicate a case of pneumonia or bronchitis as a result of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses constitute the most frequently recognized diseases associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test near Lansing. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by temperature symptoms. The symptoms might have a sub-acute beginning, meaning they begin pretty quickly, but not suddenly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a physician, the temperature symptoms may have already solved. The illnesses linked with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually light, and folks tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a physician after the beginning of symptoms.

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