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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is associated with an elevated incidence of premature births. Additionally, the fetus can get the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std Test nearby Utica Michigan. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the large number of infected women without symptoms and also the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can also be used, however, because of the high cost of this drug. The most frequent alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been effective against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow up testing to confirm success of the treatment is important.

Identification of chlamydia relies upon a lab evaluation to attest that the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time consuming method of identifying the bacteria and is regularly used. For routine diagnostic purposes, high-speed evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be got at the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests may be run on urine samples or self-collected vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Consequently in this large multi-nation study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Data were indistinguishable for women who had only had one sexual partner. The study involved 305 couples in 5 countries from different parts of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, nevertheless, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most cases are in the teenage to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a rise in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is in charge of pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It is also a co factor in HPV-induced cervical cancer and, in both genders, HIV transmission. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, as well as prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std test closest to Utica MI. Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more inclined to get an STI in case you have sex with greater than one man Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to illness , but older age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, in addition to older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are more prone to get an STI in the event you have sex with more than one individual Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but mature age isn't a protection. Std Test closest to MI United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, together with elderly women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The great news is the fact that chlamydia is readily cured by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease don't understand they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may lead to premature birth.

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Std test near Utica, MI United States. Chlamydia disease, often just called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection due to the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most folks who are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take several weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease that might result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Recurrent infections of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a standard cause of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and contaminated towels in regions with poor sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis only appears in individuals. 5 Identification is usually by screening which is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing could be achieved on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs are required to diagnose diseases in those regions. Std test near Utica, MI. 3

Prevention is by not having sex, the usage of condoms, or having sex with only one other individual, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia can be treated by antibiotics with usually either azithromycin or doxycycline used. Azithromycin or erythromycin is recommended in infants and during pregnancy Sexual partners should likewise be treated and the infected people counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be analyzed for in those people who have been infected. Following treatment people ought to be examined after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the womb) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease could be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of those who have an asymptomatic infection that's not discovered by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs , which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, people that have a chlamydial disease demonstrate symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances may cause sterility if not treated. 11 Chlamydia is also a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men, although the exact relevance in prostatitis is difficult to determine due to possible pollution from urethritis. Utica Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most important source of blindness worldwide, but its role diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection can be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or fabrics, sneezing and coughing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns can also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for ingrowing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental developments), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The diagnosis of genital chlamydial infections evolved quickly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), like polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), as well as the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to truly have a sensitivity of approximately 90% along with a specificity of about 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI practice and also a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

Because of improved evaluation accuracy, ease of screening sexually active men and women, and ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen direction, heritage has been mostly replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia analysis, and also the non-amplified probe evaluations. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully detecting just 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving falsely positive results. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is now the sole assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other approach additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women that aren't pregnant, screening is recommended in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, new or multiple sexual partners, and condom use that is inconsistent. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Utica, MI United States std test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF acknowledges that in some communities there might be a few other risk factors for infection, for example ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, termination and intervals are now not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is now insufficient to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is advantageous. 13 They advocate routine screening of men who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13

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"What's nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic diseases in women during the last several years, taking a look at the role of asymptomatic infections in men is a helpful addition to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nonetheless, this was a select group, and you must always be careful about translating information from one group to another for an assortment of reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Utica United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a doctor will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test closest to Utica Michigan. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they usually present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain an unusual vaginal discharge or a painful or burning sensation during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, and/or unusual discharge from the penis. For men as well as women, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. To be able to allow the antibiotics to prevent spreading the bacteria to others and to work, people infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for seven days. Similarly, your partner should be treated to avoid you getting re-contaminated. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when a person's sexual partners have not been correctly handled. Our physicians recommend that you and your partner get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have major health consequences. Std test nearest Utica. Untreated illnesses in women may cause chronic pelvic pain and prenatal problems. Repeated chlamydia diseases may lead to serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for getting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other portions of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not correctly treated, chlamydia may also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection later in life seems common, and about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In some instances the infection can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with symptoms and characteristic clinical manifestations.

Cough symptoms, sometimes over a lengthy period, may indicate a case of pneumonia or bronchitis due to a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses make up the most frequently established disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test near me Utica. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Temperature symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a sub acute beginning, meaning that they start fairly rapidly, but not unexpectedly. Dr. Chou notes that often, by the time a patient sees a physician, the fever symptoms may have already solved. The sicknesses associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually mild, and folks are inclined to wait longer before seeing a physician after the beginning of symptoms than they do with other acute respiratory infections.

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