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Chlamydial infection, like gonorrhea, is connected with a greater incidence of premature births. Furthermore, the fetus can get the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test near me Valier Montana. Treatment of all newborns is routine due to the many infected women without symptoms as well as the serious consequences of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments can also be used, however, because of the high cost of this drug. The most common alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are a number of other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or another protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also require treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is vital.

Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a lab test to illustrate the organism is present, either through identification or culture of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time-consuming procedure of identifying the bacteria and is no longer routinely used. For routine diagnostic functions, high-speed evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be obtained in the time of gynecologic assessment by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests may be run on urine samples or self collected vaginal swabs.

Girls whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to display a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. So in this big multi-country study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Data were indistinguishable for women who'd only had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples from various portions of the planet in 5 states. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most cases are in the teen to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with a rise in the proportion of uncircumcised males in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is in charge of pelvic inflammatory disease that causes pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy and infertility. It is also a co-factor in HPV-induced cervical cancer and, in both sexes, HIV transmission. In guys, just as in women, it can cause infertility, as well as prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std Test closest to Valier, MT. Men and women can get the disease, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Mathematically, you're more prone to get an STI if you have sex with greater than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but older age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, together with older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men as well as women can get the infection, but women are more prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more prone to get an STI in the event that you have sex with greater than one person Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to disease , but mature age isn't a protection. Std test nearby MT, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia each year, along with older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.

The good news is that chlamydia is easily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disorder do not understand they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes can also raise the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std Test near Valier MT United States. Chlamydia disease, often just called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people that are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take several weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The illness can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which might lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Continued infections of the eyes that go without treatment can lead to trachoma , a standard cause of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and may be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections are often spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in areas with poor sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just occurs in humans. 5 Diagnosis is generally by screening that is advocated yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the very first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be carried out on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs must diagnose infections in those places. Std Test nearby Valier MT. 3

Prevention is by not having sex, the use of condoms, or having sex with just one other man, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia can be cured by antibiotics with generally either azithromycin or doxycycline being used. Azithromycin or erythromycin is recommended in infants and during pregnancy Sexual partners should even be treated and the infected people advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be analyzed for in those who've been infected. Following treatment people ought to be analyzed again after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease may be passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Of people that have an asymptomatic illness that isn't found by their physician, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , and/or ovaries PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In men, people that have a chlamydial infection show symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can lead to sterility if not treated. Even though the exact relevance in prostatitis is difficult to determine because of possible pollution from urethritis, 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Valier std test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most crucial cause of blindness worldwide, but its function diminished from 15% of blindness cases by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The infection could be spread from eye to eye by fingers, shared towels or fabrics, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for ingrowing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental improvements), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The diagnosis of genital chlamydial infections evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and also the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia may be performed on swab specimens sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to really have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and also a specificity of approximately 99%, regardless of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI practice and also a urine test is negative , a subsequent cervical swab was estimated to be positive in about 2% of the time. 27

As a result of improved test correctness, ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen management, and ease of screening women as well as sexually active men, the NAATs have mostly replaced heritage, the historical gold standard for chlamydia identification, and the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully discovering just 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and often giving falsely positive consequences. Heritage stays useful in selected circumstances and is presently the only assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other method additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women who aren't pregnant, screening is advised in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of new or multiple sexual partners, chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection, and inconsistent condom use. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Valier, MT, United States std test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF admits that in some communities there may be other risk factors for disease, like ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, conclusion and intervals are currently not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is now insufficient to determine if regular screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They recommend routine screening of men who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis infection. 13

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"What is nice about this study is the fact that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women during the past several years, studying the role of asymptomatic diseases in men is a helpful improvement to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "However, this was a select group, and you also must always be careful about translating information from one group to another for a variety of reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Valier, United States Std Test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std Test nearby Valier Montana. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they typically present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may include a burning or painful sensation or an abnormal vaginal discharge during urination. Women can experience abdominal and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex if the infection spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For men as well as women, symptoms of rectal disease may include rectal pain or bleeding.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. To be able to allow the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others, people infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days. Similarly, your partner should be treated to prevent you becoming re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when someone 's sexual partners haven't been properly handled. Our doctors advise that you and your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

A chlamydia infection can have important health consequences, if left untreated. Std Test nearest Valier. Untreated illnesses in women may lead to chronic pelvic pain and prenatal difficulties. Chlamydia infections that are repeated may lead to serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Moreover, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher risk for contracting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different elements of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation as well as pain. If not correctly treated, chlamydia may also lead to male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection later in life appears common, and a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection has been experienced by about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In certain instances the disease can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with symptoms and characteristic clinical indications.

Cough symptoms, sometimes over a protracted period, may signal a case of pneumonia or bronchitis because of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. Those illnesses represent the most frequently accepted ailments associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test near Valier. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Fever symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a characteristically subacute onset, meaning they begin pretty quickly, but not unexpectedly. Dr. Chou notes that regularly, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the fever symptoms may have already worked out. The illnesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are frequently light, and folks tend to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a physician after the start of symptoms.

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