Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is associated with an increased incidence of premature births. Furthermore, the fetus can get the infection during passage through the infected birth canal, resulting in serious eye damage or pneumonia For this particular reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test nearby Caliente Nevada. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the large number of infected women without symptoms as well as the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn
Treatment of chlamydia involves antibiotics. A convenient single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternative treatments can also be used, however, due to the high price of this drug. The most common alternate treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to antibiotics that are currently used. There are many other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow-up testing to confirm success of the treatment is very important.
Investigation of chlamydia relies upon a lab evaluation to attest the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time-consuming method of identifying the bacteria and is no longer normally used. For routine diagnostic purposes, rapid evaluations that identify the bacterial genetic material are popular. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs can be obtained at the time of gynecologic examination by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests could be run on urine samples or self collected vaginal swabs.
Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been found to exhibit a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Consequently in this large multi-nation study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Information were indistinguishable for women who'd only ever had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples from different parts of the world in 5 nations. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in danger of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.
Most instances are in the teen to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than men Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with an increase in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this sexually active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is in charge of pelvic inflammatory disease that causes ectopic pregnancy, infertility and pelvic pain. It's also a cofactor in HPV-induced HIV transmission cervical cancer and, in both genders. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, along with prostatitis and urethral blockage.
Std Test nearby Caliente NV. Men and women can get the disease, but women are prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you're prone to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one person Infection rates are highest among y ounger women partially because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to disease , but mature age isn't a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, together with older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
Men and women can get the infection, but women are prone to be diagnosed Statistically, you are more likely to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to infection , but older age is not a protection. Std Test near NV United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, together with older women with risk factors like multiple or new partners.
The good news is the fact that chlamydia is readily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who get the disease do not know they are infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants beyond the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.
Std Test closest to Caliente NV United States. Chlamydia infection, often just called chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people that are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this can take a few weeks following infection to occur. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may lead to future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Continued diseases of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a standard cause of blindness in the developing world 4
Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and could be passed from an infected mother to her infant during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with poor sterilization 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just appears in individuals. 5 Diagnosis is often by screening that is recommended yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be carried out on the urine or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose illnesses in those places. Std test nearest Caliente, NV. 3
Prevention is by having sex with just one other person, who is not infected, or not having the usage of condoms, sex. 2 Chlamydia could be treated by antibiotics with typically either azithromycin or doxycycline used. During pregnancy Sexual partners must also be treated and erythromycin or azithromycin is advocated in infants and the contaminated individuals advised not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV ought to be tested for in people who have been infected. Following treatment individuals should be analyzed again after three months. 3
Chlamydial disease of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease may be passed through anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Of those that have an asymptomatic infection which is not discovered by their doctor, about half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring in the reproductive organs , which may later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.
In men, people that have a chlamydial infection demonstrate symptoms of contagious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of instances. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare instances can result in sterility or maybe even treated. Although the precise relevance in prostatitis is difficult to ascertain due to possible pollution from urethritis 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a possible cause of prostatic inflammation in men. Caliente std test. 15
Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most important cause of blindness worldwide, but its function decreased from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease can be spread from eye to eye by fingers, materials or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also grow chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for surgery for in-growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental progress), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20
The analysis of genital chlamydial diseases evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), as well as the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia might be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (men), on self-collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to really have a sensitivity of approximately 90% along with a specificity of around 99%, irrespective of sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI practice along with a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab has been estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27
Due to improved test accuracy, ease of specimen direction, convenience in specimen direction, and ease of screening women and sexually active men, culture has been largely replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia diagnosis, as well as the non-amplified probe tests. The latter test is relatively insensitive, successfully discovering only 60-80% of infections in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving results that are falsely positive. Heritage remains useful in selected conditions and is presently the sole assay qualified for testing non-genital specimens. Other strategy also exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28
For sexually active women that are not pregnant, screening is recommended in those under 25 and others at risk of infection. 12 Risk factors include a history of inconsistent condom use, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines vary: screening women with age or other risk factors is advocated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which recommends screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which advocates screening women aged 25 or younger). Caliente NV United States Std Test. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk, while the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend universal screening of pregnant women. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there could be a few other risk factors for infection, such as ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and conclusion are now not possible. 12 For guys, the USPSTF concludes evidence is currently insufficient to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They advocate regular screening of men who are at increased risk for HIV or syphilis disease. 13
"What is nice about this study is that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women over the past several years, studying the function of asymptomatic diseases in men is a helpful improvement to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nevertheless, this was a select group, and you must always be cautious about translating data from one group to another for a variety of reasons."
SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Department of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Caliente United States Std Test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Division, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.
Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a generic term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test in Caliente Nevada. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.
When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they typically present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain an abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning or painful sensation during urination. Women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex, in case the disease spreads. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, and/or unusual discharge from the penis. For both men and women, symptoms of rectal infection may include rectal pain or bleeding.
Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. People infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days to be able to enable the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others. Likewise, your partner should be treated to prevent you becoming re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, particularly when someone 's sexual partners haven't been properly handled. Our doctors advise that you as well as your partner get re-tested for chlamydia about 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the health of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.
If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have major health consequences. Std Test nearby Caliente. Untreated illnesses in women may cause prenatal problems and chronic pelvic pain. Chlamydia infections that are continued may result in serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Furthermore, women exposed to chlamydia have reached a higher danger of contracting HIV. For guys, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to different portions of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not correctly treated, chlamydia may also result in male sterility.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. A Chlamydia pneumoniae disease has been experienced by about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older, and reinfection later in life seems common, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most instances of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness, or cause no symptoms. In certain cases the disease can cause a respiratory illness, occasionally with characteristic clinical manifestations and symptoms.
Cough symptoms, occasionally over a prolonged period, may signal a case of bronchitis or pneumonia due to a Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses represent the most frequently accepted diseases associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std Test nearest Caliente. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." Temperature symptoms may accompany the cough. The symptoms might have a characteristically subacute beginning, meaning that they start fairly quickly, but not suddenly. Dr. Chou notes that regularly, by the time a patient sees a doctor, the temperature symptoms may have already resolved. The sicknesses related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are often mild, and people are inclined to wait longer than they do with other acute respiratory infections before seeing a doctor following the beginning of symptoms.
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