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Chlamydial disease, like gonorrhea, is associated with an elevated incidence of premature births. Furthermore, the fetus can acquire the disease during passage through the infected birth canal, leading to serious eye damage or pneumonia For this reason, all newborns are treated with eye drops containing an antibiotic that kills chlamydia. Std test near me Montville, New Jersey. Treatment of all newborns is routine because of the large number of infected women without the serious effects of chlamydial eye infection to the newborn and symptoms

Treatment of chlamydia includes antibiotics. A suitable single-dose treatment for chlamydia is 1 gm of azithromycin ( Zithromax , Zmax ) by mouth. Alternate treatments may also be used, nevertheless, because of the steep cost of the drug. The most frequent alternative treatment is a 100 mg oral dose of doxycycline ( Vibramycin , Oracea , Adoxa , Atridox and others) twice per day for seven days. Unlike gonorrhea, there's been little, if any, resistance of chlamydia to currently used antibiotics. There are lots of other antibiotics that also have been successful against chlamydia. As with gonorrhea, a condom or other protective barrier prevents the spread of the disease. Sexual partners also need treatment. Follow up testing to confirm success of the treatment is essential.

Diagnosis of chlamydia relies upon a laboratory test to illustrate that the organism is present, either through culture or identification of the genetic material of the bacteria. Culture is an older and more time-consuming method of identifying the bacteria and is regularly used. For routine diagnostic functions, high-speed tests that identify the bacterial genetic material are widely used. These are referred to as nucleic acid amplification tests, or NAATs. The specimen for NAATs may be obtained at the time of gynecologic evaluation by swabbing the cervix, but diagnostic tests can be run on self-collected or urine samples vaginal swabs.

Women whose male partner is uncircumcised have been discovered to show a 5.6-fold increased risk of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis than women whose partner was circumcised Castellsague et al., 2005. Thus in this big multi-nation study circumcision reduced the danger 82%. Info were identical for women who had only had one sexual partner. The analysis involved 305 couples in 5 states from various parts of the planet. A prospective study of 5,925 women in Uganda, Zimbabwe and Thailand found no significant difference, however, in risk of Chlamydia or gonorrhoea Turner et al., 2008.

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Most instances are in the teen to 24 year old age group, and are 2.5 times higher in females than males Weaver, 2007. The rise coincides with an increase in the proportion of uncircumcised men in this active age group. Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for pelvic inflammatory disease that causes ectopic pregnancy, infertility and pelvic pain. It's also a co factor in HPV-induced HIV transmission cervical cancer and, in both sexes. In men, just as in women, it can cause infertility, in addition to prostatitis and urethral blockage.

Std Test near me Montville NJ. Men and women can get the infection, but women are more inclined to be diagnosed Statistically, you're more likely to get an STI in the event that you have sex with greater than one man Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are exposed to infection , but mature age is not a protection. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia every year, in addition to elderly women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

Men and women can get the infection, but women are prone to be diagnosed Mathematically, you are prone to get an STI in case you have sex with more than one individual Disease rates are highest among y ounger women partly because their immature cervical cells are vulnerable to disease , but older age isn't a protection. Std Test in NJ, United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that all sexually active women age 25 and younger get screened for chlamydia annually, along with older women with risk factors like new or multiple partners.

The great news is the fact that chlamydia is readily treated by antibiotics The bad news is that 50% of women who contract the disease do not know they're infected and 30% develop serious complications such as damage to the fallopian tubes (the tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus) caused by pelvic inflammatory disease , which may result in sterility. Damage to the fallopian tubes may also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus). Untreated chlamydia in pregnancy may result in premature birth.

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Std Test near Montville NJ, United States. Chlamydia disease, often simply referred to as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis 1 Most people that are infected have no symptoms. When symptoms do develop this may take several weeks following infection to happen. Symptoms in women may include vaginal discharge or burning with urination Symptoms in men may include discharge from the penis, burning with urination, or pain and swelling of one or both testicles 2 The infection can spread to the upper genital tract in women causing pelvic inflammatory disease which may result in future infertility or ectopic pregnancy 3 Continued infections of the eyes that go without treatment can result in trachoma , a common source of blindness in the developing world 4

Chlamydia could be spread during vaginal , anal , or oral sex , and could be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth 2 The eye infections may also be spread by personal contact, flies, and dirty towels in regions with poor sanitation 4 Chlamydia trachomatis just occurs in individuals. 5 Analysis is frequently by screening that is recommended yearly in sexually active women under the age of twenty five, others at higher risk, and at the first prenatal visit 2 3 Testing can be carried out on the pee or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra 3 Rectal or mouth swabs have to diagnose illnesses in those places. Std Test nearby Montville, NJ. 3

Prevention is by not having the usage of condoms, sex, or having sex with just one other person, who is not infected. 2 Chlamydia could be treated by antibiotics with typically either azithromycin or doxycycline used. During pregnancy Sexual partners should even be treated and azithromycin or erythromycin is recommended in infants and the infected people counseled not to have sex for seven days and until symptom free. Gonorrhea , syphilis , and HIV should be examined for in people who have been infected. Following treatment individuals should be examined again after three months. 3

Chlamydial infection of the cervix (neck of the uterus) is a sexually transmitted infection which has no symptoms for 50-70% of women infected. The disease may be passed through oral sex, anal, or vaginal. Of those that have an asymptomatic illness that's not discovered by their doctor, approximately half will develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus , fallopian tubes , or ovaries PID can cause scarring inside the reproductive organs , which can later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant , ectopic (tubal) pregnancy , and other dangerous complications of pregnancy.

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In guys, people that have a chlamydial infection demonstrate symptoms of infectious inflammation of the urethra in about 50% of cases. 11 Symptoms that may occur include: a a burning or painful sensation when urinating, an unusual discharge from the penis, testicular swelling or pain, or temperature. If left untreated, chlamydia in men can spread to the testicles causing epididymitis , which in rare cases can lead to sterility or maybe even treated. 11 Chlamydia is, in addition, a potential cause of prostatic inflammation in men, although the precise relevance in prostatitis is difficult to establish because of potential contamination from urethritis. Montville Std Test. 15

Chlamydia conjunctivitis or trachoma was once the most crucial cause of blindness worldwide, but its role fell from 15% of blindness instances by trachoma in 1995 to 3.6% in 2002. 16 17 The disease can be spread from eye to eye by fingers, fabrics or shared towels, coughing and sneezing and eye-seeking flies. 18 Newborns may also develop chlamydia eye infection through childbirth (see below). Using the SAFE strategy ( acronym for operation for in-growing or in-turned lashes, antibiotics , facial cleanliness, and environmental developments), the World Health Organization aims for the global elimination of trachoma by 2020 (GET 2020 initiative). 19 20

The diagnosis of genital chlamydial infections evolved rapidly from the 1990s through 2006. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT), for example polymerase chain reaction (PCR), transcription mediated amplification (TMA), and also the DNA strand displacement amplification (SDA) now are the mainstays. NAAT for chlamydia could be performed on swab samples sampled from the cervix (women) or urethra (guys), on self collected vaginal swabs, or on voided urine. 26 NAAT has been estimated to truly have a sensitivity of approximately 90% and a specificity of about 99%, no matter sampling from a cervical swab or by urine specimen. 27 In women seeking an STI practice as well as a urine test is negative , a following cervical swab was estimated to be positive in approximately 2% of the time. 27

Due to improved evaluation correctness, ease of screening sexually active men as well as women, and ease of specimen management, convenience in specimen direction, heritage has been largely replaced by the NAATs, the historic gold standard for chlamydia diagnosis, and also the non-amplified probe evaluations. The latter test is comparatively insensitive, successfully finding only 60-80% of diseases in asymptomatic women, and frequently giving effects that are falsely positive. Culture stays useful in selected circumstances and is now the only assay approved for testing non-genital specimens. Other process additionally exist including: ligase chain reaction (LCR), direct fluorescent antibody resting, enzyme immunoassay, and cell culture. 28

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For sexually active women who aren't pregnant, screening is advised in others at risk of infection and those under 25. 12 Risk factors include a history of inconsistent condom use, new or multiple sexual partners, and chlamydial or other sexually transmitted infection. 13 For pregnant women, guidelines change: screening women with age or alternative risk factors is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) (which advocates screening women under 25) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (which recommends screening women aged 25 or younger). Montville, NJ, United States std test. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate universal screening of pregnant women the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends screening all at risk. 12 The USPSTF recognizes that in some communities there could be other risk factors for disease, including ethnicity. 12 Evidence-based recommendations for screening initiation, intervals and conclusion are currently not possible. 12 For men, the USPSTF concludes evidence is now inadequate to determine if routine screening of men for chlamydia is favorable. 13 They advocate regular screening of guys that are at increased risk for syphilis or HIV disease. 13

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"What's nice about this study is that since we have focused on asymptomatic infections in women during the past several years, taking a look at the function of asymptomatic infections in men is a helpful improvement to our epidemiological data," says Carolyn Deal, PhD, leader of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Nevertheless, this was a select group, and also you must always be cautious about translating information from one group to another for a variety of reasons."

SOURCES: The Lancet, May 24, 2003. Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease, CDC, Atlanta. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation, April 17, 2001. Gordon Scott, FRCP, consultant in genitourinary medicine, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, Scotland. Martin Resnick, MD, president, American Urological Association, Baltimore; chairman, department of urology, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland. Montville United States std test. Carolyn Deal, PhD, chief, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Md.

Almost half of all women who get chlamydia and are not treated by a physician will get pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a common term for infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries. PID can cause scarring within the reproductive organs, which could later cause serious complications, including chronic pelvic pain, difficulty becoming pregnant, ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, and other dangerous complications of pregnancy. Std test near Montville, New Jersey. Chlamydia causes 250,000 to 500,000 cases of PID every year in the U.S.

When chlamydia symptoms do appear, they commonly present themselves 1-3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. For women, symptoms may contain an abnormal vaginal discharge or a burning or painful sensation during urination. In the event the infection spreads, women can experience stomach and pelvic pain, fever, nausea, bleeding between periods and pain during sex. For men, symptoms may include a painful burning sensation during urination, or unusual discharge from the penis. For both women as well as men, symptoms of rectal disease may include bleeding or rectal pain.

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. As a way to enable the antibiotics to work and to prevent spreading the bacteria to others, individuals infected with chlamydia should abstain from sex for 7 days. Similarly, your partner should as be medicated to avoid you becoming re-infected. A re-infection of chlamydia is common, especially when someone 's sexual partners haven't been correctly treated. Our physicians advise that you along with your partner get re-tested for chlamydia approximately 21 to 28 days after treatment. This helps ensure the well-being of both parties and helps mitigate any possible longterm health complications from the chlamydia bacterium.

If left untreated, a chlamydia infection can have important health consequences. Std Test nearest Montville. Untreated illnesses in women may cause chronic pelvic pain and prenatal issues. Repeated chlamydia infections may result in serious reproductive problems, including complications during pregnancy and infertility. Additionally, women exposed to chlamydia are at a higher risk for getting HIV. For men, an untreated case of chlamydia can spread to other parts of the penis, prostate and testicles and cause inflammation and pain. If not properly treated, chlamydia may also result in male sterility.

Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common species of bacteria of the Chlamydia genus. Reinfection after in life seems common, and about 50 percent of Americans aged 20 and older have experienced a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most cases of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection cause no symptoms, or cause mild symptoms not recognized as an illness. In certain instances the infection can lead to a respiratory illness, sometimes with symptoms and characteristic clinical manifestations.

Cough symptoms, occasionally over a prolonged period, may signal a case of pneumonia or bronchitis because of Chlamydia pneumoniae disease. Those illnesses make up the most frequently recognized disorders associated with Chlamydia pneumoniae, notes Dr. Std test near Montville. Cho-Chou Kuo, in a 1995 review article in "Clinical Microbiology Review." The cough may be accompanied by temperature symptoms. The symptoms might have a sub acute beginning, meaning they start pretty rapidly, but not unexpectedly. Dr. Chou notes that frequently, by the time a patient sees a physician, the fever symptoms may have already solved. The sicknesses linked with Chlamydia pneumoniae infections are usually light, and people have a tendency to wait longer before seeing a doctor following the start of symptoms than they do with other acute respiratory infections.

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